Course detail

Hydraulic Machines

FSI-FHYAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course familiarises students with basic facts relating to working principles of hydraulic machines and equipment used in all industrial fields. It deals with pumps, hydraulic motors, water turbines and fluid mechanisms (hydraulic and pneumatic elements, hydraulic transmissions and couplings).

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge of hydromechanics, especially of parts with respect to impeller pumps and reaction turbines.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Solution of tasks within the practicals. The written exam testing the knowledge of the subject-matter. ECTS evaluation.
Participation in practicals is compulsory. Absence may be compensated for via special tasks set by the teacher.


The aim of the course is to make students familiar with different types of hydraulic machines and equipment used in industry, in pumping stations, sewage treatment plants, in steam, nuclear and water power stations and which are used as elements in building machines, machine tools, as well as in robotics.
Deep knowledge of principles and use of hydraulic machines. Students will be able to propose a design of hydraulic machines.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

BLÁHA,J.,BRADA,K.: Hydraulické stroje, , 0 (CS)
PIVOŇKA,J. a kol.: Tekutinové mechanismy, , 0 (CS)
NECHLEBA,M.: Vodní turbíny , , 0 (CS)

Recommended reading

ŠOB,F.: Hydraulické stroje, , 0
ŠOB,F.: Hydromechanika, , 0


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-ENE-P Bachelor's, 3. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Classification of pumps, basic ideas.
2. Displacement pumps - hydrostatic (piston, gear and sliding-vane pumps).
3. Pumps based on other principles - water ejectors and injectors, hydraulic ram.
4. Air-lift pumps, screw pumps.
5. Hydrodynamic pumps.
6. Characteristic features of pumps.
7. Sorting and driving of pumps.
8. Similarity, pi-theorem.
9. Importance, function and disposal of hydropower plants.
10. Governing equations and parameters of water turbines and storage pumps.
11. Water turbine and its characteristics.
12. Basic principles of water turbine.
13. Introduction to the problems of fluid power mechanisms.


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Designing of hydrostatic pumps (piston, gear and sliding-vane pumps).
Pumps based on other principles (air-lift pumps, gear and sliding-vane pumps).
Designing of hydrodynamic pumps.
Designing of a Francis turbine.
Designing of a Pelton turbine.
Designing of a storage pump.