Course detail

Using the Laws of Nature in Engineering Applications

FEKT-MPC-VPZAcad. year: 2022/2023

Emphasis in the course is placed on understanding the basic physical principles of mechanics, optics, astrophysics and electrical engineering. Students will learn the fundamentals of scientific work and understand the use of natural phenomena in a wide range of applications in areas of everyday life. They will expand their general knowledge of physics with respect to commonly observed phenomena not included in basic physics courses. Emphasis is placed on understanding the subject matter, application of the knowledge given, and practical experience with physics.

The following topics will be presented during the semester:The scientific/engineering approach to investigating the world, the nature of scientific work, the methodology of science, models and reality, principles of experimental work, the ethics of science, and the responsibility of the scientist. Mechanics of apparent forces - bearing sizing, gyroscope, sensors Mechanics of vibrations - musical instruments, elimination of vibrations, collapse of structures due to vibrations, Wave optics - optical cables, interference filters, interferometers in applications, polarization of light and its applications. Beam optics - optical instruments (human eye, telescope microscope), imaging defects of lenses (classification/elimination), depth of field, apertures. Meteorology - pressure formations, synoptics, cyclone, anticyclone, cloud cover, frontal systems Physical principles of energy harvesters - ceramic and polymer energy harvesters for SELF POWER electronics Theory of relativity, Einstein's law of gravitation, origin and main features of this theory, its subsequent development, areas of application Our Galaxy - the big bang, the structure and origin of stars, the evolution and final stages of stars Quantum physics and interesting examples - CERN, dark matter measurements, solar propulsion, solar wind sailing ships Particles and waves in the service of science - optical tweezers, laser cooling, cryptography Physics in electrical engineering - wearable electronics, solar cell function, peltier effect and laser diode Physics in medicine: X-ray, ultrasound, lasers, gamma knife, CT, PET, NMR Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version) 

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Not applicable.

Prerequisites

Primarily, knowledge at the undergraduate level is required. The student should be able to explain basic physical and electrical engineering principles.

 

 

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Literature

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. The scientific/engineering approach to investigating the world, the nature of scientific work, the methodology of science, models and reality, the principles of experimental work, the ethics of science and the responsibility of the scientist.
2. Mechanics of apparent forces - bearing sizing, gyroscope, sensors.
3. Mechanics of vibrations - musical instruments, elimination of vibrations, collapse of structures due to vibrations.
4. Wave optics - optical cables, interference filters, interferometers in applications, polarization of light and its uses.
5. Beam optics - optical instruments (human eye, telescope microscope), imaging defects of lenses (classification/elimination), depth of field, apertures.
6. Meteorology - pressure formations, synoptics, cyclone, anticyclone, cloud cover, frontal systems.
7. Physical principles of energy harvesters - ceramic and polymeric, their use for SELF POWER electronics.
8. Theory of relativity, Einstein's law of gravitation, origin and main features of this theory, its subsequent development, areas of application.
9. Our Galaxy - the big bang, the structure and origin of stars, the evolution and final stages of stars.
10. Quantum physics and interesting examples - CERN, dark matter measurements, solar propulsion, solar wind sailing ships.
11. Particles and waves in the service of science - optical tweezers, laser cooling, cryptography.
12. Physics in electrical engineering - wearable electronics, solar cell function, Peltier effect and laser diode.
13. Physics in medicine: x-ray, ultrasound, lasers, gamma knife, CT, PET, NMR.

 

Aims

The aim of the course is to introduce students to the overview solution of engineering physics problems. Emphasis is placed on giving students an understanding of the physical principles around us and their application in practice. The course focuses on easy-to-understand explanations of commonly known devices or methods in the fields of, mechanics (bearings, gyroscope, musical instruments), optics (fiber optic cables, cameras, telescopes), astrophysics (big bang, origin of stars, space telescopes), and electrical engineering (solar cells, wearable electronics, gamma nucleus, etc.). Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

 

 

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPC-AUD Master's

    specialization AUDM-TECH , any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
    specialization AUDM-ZVUK , any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective

  • Programme MPC-BIO Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPA-BIO Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-BTB Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-TIT Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-KAM Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-EVM Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MKC-EVM Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-EEN Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-EKT Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-IBE Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-MEL Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-SVE Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective
  • Programme MPC-EAK Master's, any year of study, winter semester, 3 credits, elective