Original title in Czech: Pozemní stavbyFaculty: FCEAbbreviation: DPC-SAcad. year: 2021/2022
Type of study programme: Doctoral
Study programme code: P0732D260018
Degree awarded: Ph.D.
Language of instruction: Czech
Accreditation: 8.10.2019 - 8.10.2029
Mode of study
Standard study length
prof. Ing. Miloslav Novotný, CSc.
prof. Ing. Jitka Mohelníková, Ph.D., doc. Ing. Vít Motyčka, CSc., prof. Ing. arch. Alois Nový, CSc., prof. Ing. Miroslav Bajer, CSc., prof. Ing. Jiří Hirš, CSc., prof. Ing. Milan Ostrý, Ph.D., doc. Ing. Jan Pěnčík, Ph.D., doc. Ing. Aleš Rubina, Ph.D., prof. RNDr. Ing. Petr Štěpánek, CSc., dr. h. c.
Ing. Petr Andrys, Ing. Petr Sedlák, Ph.D., Ing. Vladimír Tichomirov, CSc., prof. Ing. Karel Tuza, CSc.
Fields of education
The aim of the doctoral study program Building Constructions is to provide outstanding graduates of the master's program with specialized university education and scientific training in selected current areas of the field. The study is focused on complex scientific preparation, methodology of independent scientific work and on the development of knowledge in the field of the theory of building constructions. and construction, measuring and diagnostic methods, modeling of physical processes and tasks of building physics. The scientific preparation in this study program is based on mastering the initial theoretical disciplines of the natural science base and theoretical and scientific disciplines of the relevant focus.
Part of the study is also the involvement of students in the preparation and solution of national and international scientific research projects, presentation of results at national and international scientific and professional conferences and their publication in professional and scientific foreign and domestic journals. During his / her studies, the student gains new theoretical knowledge, his / her own experience from the preparation, implementation and evaluation of experiments and necessary practical knowledge also thanks to close cooperation with construction practice and also through foreign internships at cooperating foreign universities or research workplaces.
In the final phase of the study, the student synthesizes all theoretical knowledge gained as well as the results of his / her own creative work and elaborates his / her doctoral dissertation, which emphasizes the exactness and formulation of concrete benefits for further development of the studied field.
Graduate of the PhD study program Building Construction is a versatile theoretically and professionally equipped expert who has mastered the issue of specialization at a high level of his knowledge and is capable of independent creative work. He is ready to work professionally and to hold independent higher positions in the field of research and development of new technologies in the sector of building construction of buildings, but also in designing companies, resp. in state administration. He obtained comprehensive theoretical and professional training for independent solution of technical problems and creative scientific work. Based on the acquired knowledge, experience, skills and knowledge, it is ready for scientific and creative activities, both independently and in teams at national and international level. Thanks to the current trends in the field of building construction and close cooperation with foreign universities, the graduate of the doctoral study program fulfills the prerequisites for further professional career and professional academic growth, even abroad.
During his / her studies the graduate practically acquires and acquires pedagogical abilities, which he / she can use in pedagogical-scientific activities at educational institutions dealing with the problems of building construction in the Czech Republic and thanks to acquired language knowledge also abroad.
Substantial development of theoretical and experimental abilities allows graduates of the PhD study program Building Constructions independent creative activity related mainly to building construction including related specializations especially in the field of building technical equipment (HVAC, heating, air conditioning), advanced special building technologies, building physics building acoustics and daylighting of buildings), special building remediation, fire safety of buildings and environmentally advanced buildings.
The graduate is capable of independent creative activity especially in the field of research and development - he / she is professionally equipped and able to solve complex problems independently, eg when optimizing the selection of suitable materials or their compositions taking into account social needs, operational requirements, risks, economic impacts and environmental impacts.
The application of graduates of the Building Constructions program is in wide areas of the building industry consisting eg in the design of special elements and constructions of Building constructions including verification of their functionality and reliability using both experimental procedures and numerical models.
Graduates are well placed to work in the academic sphere and in other institutions dealing with science, research, development and innovation. Its knowledge of foreign languages in the area of its expertise is a prerequisite for eventual work abroad. After fulfilling the length of practice and legal conditions, he can be authorized by ČKAIT as a civil engineer in the field of Building Construction, Environmental Engineering or Energy Auditing.
According to internal statistics, the long-term employability of graduates of the existing PhD study program Building Constructions in Practice is practically 100%, not only after graduation, but also at early graduation. The graduates appreciate in practice the ability to solve complex professional problems independently and the ability to communicate at least in English.
After graduation, many graduates of DSP Civil Engineering are employed at the faculty and subsequently develop their creative abilities, reduce the average age of the faculty teachers and subsequently habilitate, eventually complete the appointment procedure and thus guarantee the development and future of the faculty.
Fulfillment of the subjects of the individual study plan, successful completion of the state doctoral examination, foreign experience, relevant creative activity and successful defense of the dissertation.
Study plan creation
The rules and conditions for the creation of study plans of study programs carried out at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the BUT define:
Rules of BUT study programs (www.vutbr.cz/uredni-deska/vnitrni-predpisy-a-dokumenty), which according to Article 1, paragraph 1, point:
c) defines the processes of creation, approval and changes of study program proposals before their submission for accreditation to the National Accreditation Office for Higher Education,
d) lays down the formal requirements for study programs and courses,
e) defines the obligations of study program and subject guarantors,
f) defines the standards of study programs at BUT,
g) defines the principles of quality assurance of study programs.
Study and Examination Regulations of the Brno University of Technology (www.vutbr.cz/uredni-deska/international-details-and-documents)
Details of the conditions for study at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the BUT are governed by the Dean's Directive )
The PhD student studies according to an individual study plan, which is elaborated by the supervisor in cooperation with the PhD student. The individual study plan is binding for the doctoral student. It specifies all duties set in accordance with the BUT Study and Examination Regulations that a doctoral student must fulfill in order to successfully complete his / her studies.
During the first three semesters, the doctoral student consists of compulsory, compulsorily elective or at the same time, it is intensively engaged in its own study and analysis of knowledge in the field determined by the topic of the dissertation and continuous publication of the knowledge and results obtained in this way. In the following semesters, the doctoral student focuses more on research and development related to the topic of the dissertation, on the publication of the results of his / her creative work and on his / her own dissertation. By the end of the fifth semester, the doctoral student has passed the state doctoral examination. The doctoral student is also involved in pedagogical activities, which is a part of his scientific preparation.
The individual study plan includes scientific outputs in individual years:
- regular publishing activity (Juniorstav and similar),
- participation in scientific conferences at home and abroad,
- for defense of DZP it is necessary to publish - min. 2x Scopus or 1x WOS with impact factor.
Availability for the disabled
At the Faculty of Civil Engineering, BUT, barrier-free access to all teaching rooms is currently provided. However, students must be physically fit to be qualified as a civil engineer. In practically oriented laboratory teaching, they must be able to operate measuring instruments and similar laboratory equipment independently without endangering themselves or their surroundings.
BUT provides support to students with specific needs, for details see Guideline 11/2017 (www.vutbr.cz/uredni-deska/international-documents-and-documents/-d141841/uplne-zneni-smernice-c-11- 2017-p147550).
In order to promote equal access to higher education, BUT incorporates the Alfons Advisory Center, part of the BUT Institute of Lifelong Learning, to provide guidance and support services to applicants and students with specific educational needs. Specific educational needs include learning disabilities, physical and sensory disabilities, chronic somatic illness, autistic spectrum disorders, impaired communication skills and mental illness (alfons.vutbr.cz/o-nas).
Students are provided with information concerning the accessibility of study programs with respect to the specific needs of the applicant, information about the architectural accessibility of individual faculties and university parts, about accommodation at the BUT dormitory, about the possibilities of adapting the admission procedure and adapting the study itself. Other services of the Center for Students with Special Educational Needs also include interpreting and rewriting services, or assistance services - guiding, spatial orientation, in order to enable these students to demonstrate their skills and knowledge in the same way as other students. This is done through the so-called adaptation of study, ie by appropriate adjustment of the study regime, which cannot be understood as a simplification of the content of study or relief of study obligations.
What degree programme types may have preceded
The PhD study program Building Construction is a follow-up to the follow-up master study program Civil Engineering, especially the study fields Building Construction and Construction Realization, respectively. as well as other fields of study and nursing master's degree programs. After the accreditation of the follow-up master's degree programs in Civil Engineering - Building Constructions and Civil Engineering - Realization of constructions for these programs.
Issued topics of Doctoral Study Program
- Analysis of operation boundary conditions of ground heat exchangers for heat pumps
Analysis of dynamic boundary conditions of soil in relation to ground heat exchangers of heat pumps and possibilities of operational control and determination of heat exchanger performance. Application of Z-meter for experimental verification of thermal processes in soils.
Tutor: Hirš Jiří, prof. Ing., CSc.
- Analysis of the dynamics of the energy flows in buildings
The topic is focused on the analysis of the dynamics of flows, especially heat and cold in buildings, depending on the climatic conditions and operating conditions of the indoor environment of buildings. The dynamics of the building's energy needs is linked to the energy obtained by traditional sources and mainly by renewable energy sources. Both experimental methods and simulation methods on simplified models of buildings or their parts will be used for the solution. The criteria for the analysis will be, above all, the year-round efficiency of the use of the energy source, the quality of the indoor environment of the buildings and operational savings.
Tutor: Hirš Jiří, prof. Ing., CSc.
- Architectural conservation
The dissertation is focused on the architectural conservation. The student specifies his/her project according to his/her preferred topic (typology of architectural heritage, conservation areas, social and legislative issues, artistic approach, technology) and method (microanalysis, comparative analysis, historiographical analysis).
- Architecture and autism
The topic will focus on procedures for designing an architecture for people with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). How to properly design the disposition of the building, but also the interior itself using adequate materials. The issue is partially processed in the world, in the Czech Republic no attention is paid to ASD and therefore this topic is unique.
- Architecture and its use in the real estate market
The topic will focus on the connection between architecture and the real estate market. These two spheres can go hand in hand or be perfect opponents. The student will examine how architecture, whether as a whole or its individual elements, influences our decisions in the field of the real estate market, what are the pitfalls of the market and whether the current values are appropriate. The contribution of the work will be the clarification of this area, especially for the public, as well as education usable for real life.
- Eliminates surface condensation on the window and in the corrner
Condensation of water vapor on the inner surface of the window and corner is most often a manifestation of insufficient solution of the detail of the connecting joint. The task is to model and optimize the layers of the structure so that these negative phenomena do not occur. The evaluation will be carried out at the level of the risk of mold growth as well as at the dew point temperature.
- Folk architecture of the 20th century
The dissertation is focused on finding answers to whether folk architecture exists in the 20th century and what it looks like. Does it still occur around us, or does this sign end up in open-air museums and museums? Is it possible to find objects in our settlements and landscape that will one day add to the architecture of the 19th century countryside?
- Geographic information systems in architecture.
The topic is focused on research, acquisition and provision of geoinformation data, their distribution and processing in all phases / processes of construction and territorial development. In the theoretical part, the student first analyzes the currently used methods with the evaluation of their time intensity and cooperation of individual subjects. The contribution of the work will be the design for their effective acquisition, including verification of the functionality of the proposed method.
- Ground-coupled Heat systems for Heating and Cooling of Buildings
PhD thesis focuses on the research use of land for energy for heating and cooling. The scope of work will be theoretical and experimental investigation of the thermal interaction between an building and ground and an optimal design of ground and foundation exchangers. The aim is to streamline obtaining geothermal energy of the elements of foundation structures and to develop a methodology for their design in the Czech Republic. The simulations can use the softwares CalA, TRNSYS, ANSYS Fluent. Optimization methods will be used.
- Hydraulics of water installations
The topic of the doctoral dissertation is focused on the hydraulics of water installations, measurement of flows and pressure losses in water installations, their evaluation and comparison with the calculated flow rates and pressure losses.
Tutor: Vrána Jakub, Ing., Ph.D.
- Industrialized construction
The dissertation will focus on the question of the benefits to society of the visions of avant-garde left-wing architects, realized after the Second World War and ended with the Velvet Revolution in 1989. The original intention to solve the housing need of the First Republic and build quickly over time has but prefabricated construction can hardly be called architecture. Was industrialization beneficial? What was the meaning and role of the notions of normalization, standardization, typification, unification and modulation in the 20th century?
- Innovation of refrigeration devices to increase their efficiency with low GWP refrigerants.
The aim is to innovate a cooling circuit operating with a low GWP refrigerant, to increase efficiency, to utilize waste heat. An integral part of the research is the determination of safety requirements for the use of A2L refrigeration equipment in buildings.
Tutor: Formánek Marian, Ing., Ph.D.
- Modeling and simulation of buildings and smart regions.
PhD thesis focuses on the modeling and simulation of intelligent buildings and smart regions. Effective use and placement of elements of ventilation, heating and cooling in buildings and their optimal control system. Systems, equipment and strategies for energy storage. Multicriteria optimization methods will also be used.
- Modeling the effect of shading structures and vegetation on the thermal load
The doctoral thesis is focused on modeling and simulation of the effect of shading structures and vegetation on the thermal load of buildings. The use of ANSYS Fluent, OpenFOAM, TRNSYS and DesignBuilder software is expected. Attention will also be paid to optimization of control systems. Multicriteria optimization methods will also be used.
- Modelling the energy balance of buildings
Modelling the energy balance of buildings using modern computational techniques. Analysis of the problem, creating a mathematical model, verification of mathematical models of real objects.
Tutor: Horák Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
- Modular construction of multi-storey residential buildings
Construction and technological analysis of modular construction technology in contrast with other selected technologies in the field of residential buildings. The aim of the topic is a systematic evaluation of the efficiency of modular construction on the basis of predefined criteria. Part of the work will be the participation in the development of new technology of multi-storey buildings in cooperation with professional practice.
Tutor: Šlanhof Jiří, Ing., Ph.D.
- Multi-physical evaluation of insulated buildings
Thermal insulation of buildings is very beneficial in terms of energy savings, but it is necessary to check all building physic aspects. Especially in terms of moisture and water vapor difusion in structures and the risc of mold formation at the interface of the layers. At the same time, the behavior of the formation in critical situations such as fire or surface overheating. The task is to model real structures and compare the results and predict the ideal state.
- New types of heat exchangers for Building Services systems
The field of Building Services is currently progressively developed thanks to the technological boom. New technologies, such as 3D printing or microfiber, allow the development of new heat exchangers. The topic of doctoral study will deal with the development of new types of heat exchangers from non-traditional materials.
Tutor: Horák Petr, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
- Optimization of air flow through the facade with a ventilated gap
The work will deal with the influence of sunlight, the material of the outer layer and its color, including year-round parameters of outdoor air temperatures on the mass flow of air through the facade with a ventilated gap. The geometric influence of the facade on the mentioned air flow will also be investigated. CFD simulation methods, physical experiments on real facades of the building, or on laboratory samples of the formation will be used for evaluation. The result will be the influence of the determined air flow on the year-round heat balance of the interior of the building.
- Optimization of PCM-based thermal storage system
The thesis is focused on modeling and simulation of buildings storing heat and cold in heat accumulators using phase change melting and solidification substances - PCM. The aim is to bridge the mismatch between conventional and alternative energy supply with the building's energy consumption curve. Attention will also be paid to systems and methods for optimum energy storage accumulation in the building. Multicriteria optimization methods will also be used.
- Optimization of the composition of building objects based on the minimization of energy demand coming from the thermal system modelling
Processes of thermal flow in building structures can be composition of material layers can be modified by the composition of material layers. The analysis of internal thermal and moisture processes and effective design of a structure is able to affect its energy demand substantially. This issue is also important for showing objects with controlled internal temperature.
- Optimization of thermally activated building structures
PhD thesis is focused on the optimization of Thermo Active Building Structures (TABS) used for heating and cooling buildings. Assumes the use of simulation methods, laboratory experiment and measurement INSITU. The aim is to provide recommendations for optimal design and control of TABS. The simulations can use the softwares CalA, TRNSYS, ANSYS Fluent. Multicriteria optimization methods will also be used.
- Problems reusing waste thermal insulation in building constructions
The work is a contribution in the field of sustainable development in construction and is specifically focused on research into the use of recycled waste plastics, for use in building elements, such as ceramic fittings. The scope of work is the study of properties and processing of recycled waste and optimization of their useful properties for use in building elements.
- Properties and utilization of materials for solar heat storage tank
The efficiency and utility features solar heat storage tank are bound to used heat-storage materials and method of use of the internal energy. Temperature determines the rate of working fluid losses. The object of study are suitable materials for the construction of a solar heat storage tank (sensible heat, phase change materials), their physical properties. The objective is to model, as well as experimental evidence functionality.
- Simulation of flow and pollutants in buildings
Topic of doctoral thesis focuses on the application and verification of theoretical research methods airflow in buildings and external aerodynamics of buildings with the current transfer of moisture. The simulations can use the software Fluent, CFX, or OpenFOAM. Multicriteria optimization methods will also be used.
- Socialist architecture and urban heritage reservations
The dissertation focuses on the question of the extent to which the architecture of socialist realism had an impact on heritage conservation, especially on the creation of urban heritage reservations and their restoration, and on the adoption of the first act on heritage care in Czechoslovakia. Would our cities be spared the modernist expansion of prefabricated housing estates without the influence of the Soviet Union and foreign architecture, which was to be socialist in its content and national in its form?
- SOUTH MORAVIA WINE ARCHITECTURE - Chances for agricultural brownfields?
Changes in ownership and transition to the market economy after the year 1989 led to the breakdown of many production enterprises including agrarian. Derelict buildings even the whole areas became source of economic, social and environmental troubles. What is the real state and how are the chances of their revitalization and comeback to the cultural landscape from the point of view of architecture and regional planning?
- Structural system B70
The dissertation will focus on the unrecognized Brno structural system B70, which was based on a system of cells, which was a significant advance since elemental prefabrication. However, for the planned construction production, the cell architecture became very complicated and the building companies forced the copying of only whole blocks. This important work, which could have turned prefabricated housing estates into a pleasant and diverse living environment, remained halfway and is only a question of what large Brno housing estates could look like.
- Study of thermal insulation properties of thin air layers with reflective surfaces
Study the properties of thermal insulation on basis termal-reflective foils and their use in construction, passive and energy-saving houses, production halls, sports facilities etc. The subject is the study of transport phenomena of heat insulators, physical properties and comparing with conventional insulators. Theme includes validation of design methods installation thermal insulation in buildings.
- System efficiencies of technical equipment in buildings
Requirements for reducing energy consumption in buildings evoke the need to increase the efficiency of technical systems. The study will be focused on the theoretical evaluation of the effectiveness of European standards and guidelines on monitoring existing systems and their components and experimental determination of their efficacy. The expected result will also be the identification of ways to increase the efficiency of modern systems engineering environment.
- Use of latent heat thermal energy storage in buildings
Thermal energy storage is important for overcoming of mismatch between supply of renewable energy and energy demand. Thesis will be focused on the development of latent heat thermal energy storage for use in building structures and building services. Student will cooperate with supervisor and solve project supported by Czech science foundation.
- Verification of Construction-Technological Processes in the Implementation of Environmentally Friendly Roofing of Buildings
The topic for doctoral studies is focused on the verification and evaluation of the processes associated with construction according to the principles of sustainable development. Specifically, these are processes associated with the structural units of green roofs. The analysis of already implemented constructions is of great importance for the development of other structural elements of green infrastructure. The possibility of saving the energy invested, the use of mechanization and human resources will be retrospectively evaluated on the realized roofs.
Tutor: Mohapl Martin, Ing., Ph.D.
Tutor: Pěnčík Jan, doc. Ing., Ph.D.
Course structure diagram with ECTS credits
|DHA068||Doctoral Seminar 1 (PST)||cs||4||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 39||yes|
|DYA004||English Language Tutorial for PhD Students||cs||1||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 26||yes|
|DAB029||Discrete Methods in Civil Engineering 1||cs||4||Compulsory-optional||Cr||P - 39||5794||yes|
|DAB030||Numerical methods 1||cs||4||Compulsory-optional||Cr||P - 39||5794||yes|
|DAB031||Probability and mathematical statistics||cs||4||Compulsory-optional||Cr||P - 39||5794||yes|
|DJB043||Selected Topics in Building Materials Engineering||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5795||yes|
|DTB042||Selected Items of Building Service Theory||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5795||yes|
|DWB032||Selected Essay from Technology of Building Constructions||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5795||yes|
|DHB069||Selected Chapters from Theory of Building Constructions||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5795||yes|
|DBB013||Selected chapters from building physics||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5796||yes|
|DHA070||Doctoral seminar 2 (PST)||cs||8||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|DAB032||Time series analysis||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DAB033||Applications of mathematical methods in economics||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DAB034||Discrete Methods in Civil Engineering 2||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DAB035||Numerical methods 2||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DAB036||Numerical methods for the variational problems||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DAB037||Models of regression||cs||10||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5830||yes|
|DWB033||Information system in construction technology||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5831||yes|
|DHB071||Process and Functional Analysis of Building Structure||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5831||yes|
|DLB040||Theory of Concrete and Masonry Structures||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5831||yes|
|DTB043||Theory of Energy and Environment of Buildings||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5831||yes|
|DOB037||Theory of Metal and Timber Structures||cs||8||Compulsory-optional||Ex||P - 39||5831||yes|
|DYA005||English for PhD students||cs||8||Compulsory||Ex||yes|
|DHA072||Doctoral seminar 3 (PST)||cs||8||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|DHA073||Doctoral seminar 4 (PST)||cs||8||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|DHA074||Doctoral seminar 5 (PST)||cs||14||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|DHA075||Doctoral seminar 6 (PST)||cs||14||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|DHA076||Doctoral seminar 7 (PST)||cs||20||Compulsory||Cr||C1 - 78||yes|
|All the groups of optional courses|
|5794||0||DAB029, DAB030, DAB031|
|5795||0||DJB043, DTB042, DWB032, DHB069|
|5830||0||DAB032, DAB033, DAB034, DAB035, DAB036, DAB037|
|5831||0||DWB033, DHB071, DLB040, DTB043, DOB037|