Course detail

Physics of materials

FAST-DBB014Acad. year: 2023/2024

Structure of materials, crystalline solids, non-crystalline solids, mechanical properties of materials, deformation of solids, plasticity, viscosity, rheology, surface tension and capillarity, thermal properties, heat capacity, thermal expansion, heat transfer, temperature measurements, thermocouples, thermistors, RTD, pyrometers, phase transition, Gibbs' phase rule, phase diagram, condensation, moisture of materials, humidity, electrical properties of materials, electrical properties of gases, electrical properties of fluids, band theory of solid.

Language of instruction

Czech

Number of ECTS credits

8

Mode of study

Not applicable.

Department

Institute of Physics (FYZ)

Entry knowledge

An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics and physics to the formulation of complex materials science and engineering problems.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Aims

PhD students learn the fundamental physics that leads to many of the measurable physical properties of materials. They apply their mathematical and physics knowledge to understand the derivation of key relationships of physical properties of materials and to understand physical processes in materials.
Fundamental physics that leads to many of the measurable physical properties of materials. They apply their mathematical and physics knowledge to understand the derivation of key relationships of physical properties of materials and to understand physical processes in materials.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Not applicable.

Recommended reading

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DPC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Structure of materials: solids, crystalline solids, non-crystalline solids, amorphous solids, granular matter, quasi-crystals. 2. Soft matters, liquid crystals, polymers, complex fluids, gels, foams, emulsions. 3. Mechanical properties: stress / strain, deformation of solids, elasticity, plasticity, fluidity, viscosity. 4. Viscosity measurement, rheology, cohesive forces, surface tension and capillarity. 5. Thermal properties: heat capacity, specific heat, molar heat. 6. Thermal expansion, heat transfer, heat conduction, thermal conductivity. 7. Phonons, Debye theory, heat convection, radiation. 8. Temperature measurements: Seebeck effect, Peltier effect, Thomson effect, thermopower, thermocouples, thermistors. 9. Resistance temperature detectors (RTD), pyrometers, infrared thermometers, Langmuir probes, other thermometers. 10. Phase transition: phase, Gibbs' phase rule, phase diagram, solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter. 11. Latent heat, real gases, condensation, water vapour, moisture of materials, humidity. 12. Electrical properties of materials: electrical properties of gases, electrical properties of fluids (electrolytes), Faradays’ electrolytic laws. 13. Band theory of solids, electrical conductivity of solids.