Course detail

Geographical Information Systems

FAST-HE15Acad. year: 2023/2024

Geographical information system (GIS),its objective, function and structure. relation between GISand CAD. geographic object, information and database systems, modern methods of works with data (genetic algorithm. neural networks). Variou forms of data, their relations (homeomorfismus). Basic characteristics of geographical data, topology in GIS. Digital terrain model , organization of DTM data in GIS. Standatds,"openGIS", analysis of data. Principles of GIS design. ZABAGD, DMÚ 25, main GIS.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.


Institute of Geodesy (GED)

Entry knowledge

computer skills, basic databases, statistics, applied mathematics

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


Understanding of information systems and databases with connection to spatial identification.
Basis knowledge needed for GIS design.
Ability to create a GIS project in Geomedia Intergraph and Arc/Info Systems.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Tuček, Ján: Geografické informační systémy. Principy a praxe.. Computer Press, 1998. (CS)
Albrecht, Joachim: Key Concepts & Techniques in GIS. SAGE publications, 2007. (EN)

Recommended reading

Rana, Sanjay: Topological Data Structures for Surfaces. John Viley & Sons Ltd., 2004. (EN)
Wang, Fahui: Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS.. Taylor & Francis Group., 2006. (EN)
Charvát, K. - Kocáb, M. - Konečný, M. - Kubíček, P.: Geografická data v informační společnosti. VÚGTK Zdiby, 2007. (CS)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-P-C-GK Master's

    branch GD , 2. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
    branch GD , 2. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction, definition of GIS, development, relations, geographical object, homeomorphism. 2. Information systems: types, design methods 3. Overview of database systems. relational algebra, SQL, spatial indexes and queries, data mining (cluster analysis, artificial neural networks, genetic algorithms) 4. Basic of graph theory, selected tasks on graph structures 5. Topology (mathematics, pragmatic - DIGEST standard) 6. Data models in GIS (raster, vector, matrix data) 7. Digital model of Terrain (raster, vector, TIN) 8. Data capture, metadata, data quolity and accuracy - standards 9. Map algebra: model, operators, functions, tasks 10. Spatial analysis: history, objective, types (measured and classify functions, overlay, focal functions, join functions) 11. Current trends and developments of GIS


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


I. working in Geomedia Intergraph, fundamental tasks. 1. creating of projekct 2. import raster data 3. import vector data 4. import of coordinates II. working in ArcGIS, fundamental tasks. 5. deal with project 6. deal with project 7. deal with project 8. watershead analysis 9. Image classification 10. distance analysis 11. distance analysis - finishing 12. working with database tables 13. final project