Course detail

# Physics I

Physical terms and quantities. Kinematics - basic quantities of motion. Dynamics - Newton's Laws of mechanics, force, momentum, work, power and energy. Hydrostatics and hydrodynamics of ideal liquids. Thermal motion, temperature, statistic mechanics demonstration of temperature moving. Gravitational fields - Newton's law of gravity, intensity and potential of field. Electrostatic Field - Coulomb law of electric field, intensity and potential of field. Electric current - Ohm's law, electromotive voltage, Kirchhoff's laws.
Magnetic field, electromagnetic field, Maxwell equations. Simple theory of alternate currents and circuits. Vibrations, harmonic oscillator, persistent oscillator, absorbed vibrations, superposition of vibrations. Waves, basic order of waves, superposition of waves. Geometric optics - laws of reflection and refraction in homogenous medium. Wave optics - interference, dispersion and polarisation of electromagnetic waves.

Language of instruction

Czech

Number of ECTS credits

6

Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Mathematics - basic of vector algebra, derivation, integration, improper and proper integral, linear differential equations of second order

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

It is required from theoretical exercises obtain minimum 10 from 20 points and to be succesfull in two tests (minimum 4 points from 8 for each test) Examination verifies the knowledge of definitions, laws and their applications on the examples namely. Examination is in oral form. The student can graduate the oral examination after obtaining of 18 points in exercises, it is succesfull in minimum 32 points.
Participation at seminars and gaining of at least 18 points from the control work in theoretical exercise (Mechanics - 8 points, Physical field - 8 points, 20 points in the exercises). If the student fails to fulfill this condition, the teacher may set a substitute grant condition. The remaining 64 points can be obtained after a successful oral exam. To qualify for a credit, at least 50% of points for each part (4 points, 4 points, 10 points) must be met. A minimum of 50% points (32 points) must be awarded for the successful passing of the exam. The assessment of the test takes into account the point assessment of the exercise.

Aims

The aim of the subject is to acquaint students with the basic concepts and laws of physics and their applications. Students gain an idea of the movement of particles, their systems, rigid bodies and the continuum in physical fields with respect to the energy approach. For this purpose a brief theory of gravitational and electromagnetic fields will be given. At the end students will get an overview of modern areas of physics. The aim of the course is to make students aware that physics is the theoretical basis and the starting point of engineering disciplines.
Students will obtain basic knowledge of mechanics, theory of physical field and wave and quantum physics

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Halliday, D. - Resnick, R.: Fyzika , VUT v Brně, Brno 2005 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Novotný R.: Fyzika - sbírka příkladů; Mechanika, FCH VUT v Brně, Brno, 2007 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Novotný R., Handlíř R.: Fyzika - sbírka příkladů: Fyzikální pole, FCH VUT v Brně, Brno 2008 (CS)
Zmeškal O., Krčma F., Buchníček M., Fyzika - sbírka příkladů. Vlnová a kvantová fyzika FCH VUT v Brně, Brno 2007 (CS)

Recommended literature

Berkeley Physics Course, Mcgraw-Hill College Berkeley 1965 (Vol. I – V) (CS)
Šikula, J., Liška M, Vašina, P.: Fyzika I, II, VUT v Brně, Brno 1991 (CS)

Elearning

Classification of course in study plans

• Programme BKCP_CHCHTE Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BKCP_AAEFCH Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BPCP_AAEFCH Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BPCP_ECHBM Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BKCP_ECHBM Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BPCP_CHCHTE Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BKCP_CHTM Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BPCP_CHTM Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BPCP_CHTOZP Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
• Programme BKCP_CHTOZP Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHTPO Bachelor's

specialization CHPL , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
specialization PCH , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
specialization BT , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme BKCP_CHTPO Bachelor's

specialization PCH , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
specialization BT , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory
specialization CHPL , 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme BPCP_CHMA Bachelor's 1 year of study, summer semester, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

39 hod., optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Kinematics of mass point in classic and special theory relativity
2. Dynamics of mass point in classic and special theory of relativity
3. Kinematics and dynamics of many particle system and rigid body
4. Mechanics of fluids (liquids and gases)
5. Test (Mechanics)
6. Gravitation and electrostatic field
8. Magnetic field
9. Electromagnetic field
10. Vibrations and waves
11. Geometric and wave optics
12. Wave and quantum physics
13. Test (Physical field, Wave and quantum physics)

Exercise

26 hod., compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Elearning