Course detail

Energy and Emissions

FSI-9EAEAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course is concerned with energy saving and reduction of emissions in process industry. The concent of the course is inspired by the fact: "Produced emissions cannot be destroyed." The main goal is therefore defined as - to minimize the energy consumption and thereby emissions production (CO2, NOx, SOx,etc.) in process industry. Students will be mede familiar with problems of general emissions and methods for reducing emissions with regard to the protection of the environment and corresponding legislation. One part of course is deals with energy saving due to process integration based on "Pinch Technology" including economical and ecological aspects. Students apply the knowledge from course "Heat Transfer Processes" and they learn of the use of external energetic sources and cogeneration in process industry (including interesting relations between thermodynamics and economy). Top specialists´ know-how is used in the course.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Heat Transfer Processes

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Course is concluded by exam. Handover of written work is necessary 2 weeks before exam. The exam is in oral form, evaluation of written work represents 50% of the final evaluation.
The attendance at lectures is recommended.
The students’ knowledge is checked by the oral exam connected with defence of written students work. Missed lesson can be substituted by self-study with use of study materials (literature) specified by course lecturer.


The course objective is: - to apply knowledge of theoretical subjects (mainly from "Heat Transfer Processes"). - to show, that achievement of plant priorities is possible only with technical knowledge. - to introduce up-to-date methods in given field used in world. - for students to learn to study in technical literature. - to introduce to case studies from industrial practice.
Students will learn to apply theoretical knowledge to concrete industrial cases and work with technical literature. They will understand and apply up-to-date methods in the branch and the necessity of co-operation and team-work. They will solve practical problems from different fields of process industry using professional or personal software systems.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Ganapathy, V.: Industrial boilers and heat recovery steam generators: design, applications, and calculations, CRC Press (2002) (EN)
Rogoff, M.J., Screve, F.: Waste-to-energy: technologies and project implementation. Academic Press (2019) (EN)
Heinz, B., Singh, M.: Steam Turbines–Design, Applications and Rerating. McGraw-Hill, New York (2009) (EN)
Sjaak, V., Koppejan, J.: Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co-firing, ISBN 9036517737. Twente University Press, Enschede, The Netherlands (2002) (EN)

Recommended reading

Klemeš, J. J. (ed.). Handbook of Process Integration (PI). Woodhead Publishing. 2013. (EN)
Brown, T.: Engineering economics and economic design for process engineers. CRC Press (2016) (EN)
Wu, C.: Thermodynamic cycles: computer-aided design and optimization. CRC Press (2003) (EN)
Smith, R.: Chemical process: design and integration. John Wiley & Sons (2005) (EN)
Branchini, L.: Waste-to-energy: advanced cycles and new design concepts for efficient power plants. Springer (2015) (EN)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme D-ENE-K Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, recommended
  • Programme D-ENE-P Doctoral, 1. year of study, winter semester, recommended

Type of course unit



20 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction: energy consumption, emissions and wastes.
2. Utilities overview
3. Steam and boilers
4. Steam turbines
5. Gas turbines and heat recovery steam generators
6. Heat recovery in waste-to-energy plants
7. Combined heat and power and its role in the future energy provision
8. Process Integration: Termodynamic analysis
9. Process Integration: Energy recovery
10. Process Integration: Utilities selection and heat engines integration
11. Process Integration: New design, optimisation and retrofit for reduction of energy consumption.
12. Emissions Reduction_ Primary Measures
13. Emissions Reduction_ Secondary Measures