Course detail


FSI-TK0Acad. year: 2023/2024

Basics of low temperature physics and cryogenics.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Basic course of physics.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The condition for award of the course-unit credit is a student’s work: design of a simple cryogenic equipment or experiment

Absence has to be compensated by self-study or assigned homework. Presence in laboratory exercises is obligatory.


The aim of the course is to present basics of low temperature physics, technology and design of low temperature equipment for physical experiments and other applications.

Knowledge about physical phenomena and matter properties at low temperatures, basics for work in low temperature laboratory (1,5 K – 300 K).

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Jelínek, J., Málek, Z.: Kryogenní technika, VII.škola fyziky a techniky nízkých teplot, Luhačovice 1982, SNTL Praha 1982
Rotter Miloš: Fyzikální základy a technika nízkoteplotního experimentu, SNP Praha 1982
Barron, R.F.: Cryogenic heat transfer, Taylor & Francis 1999, ISBN 1-56032-551-8

Recommended reading

Weisend, J.G. II, Handbook of cryogenic engineering, Taylor & Francis 1998, ISBN 1-56032-332-9
Dúbravcová Viera: Vákuová a ultravákuová technika, Alfa , Bratislava 1992
Thermophysical Properties of Pure Fluids, počítačová databáze, NIST USA, 2000
Groszkowski Janusz: Technika vysokého vakua, SNTL Praha 1981
Šafrata, R.S., a kol. : Fyzika nízkých teplot, Matfyzpress, Universita Karlova 1998, ISBN 80-85863-19-7

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-FIN-P Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, elective
    , 3. year of study, summer semester, elective

Type of course unit



16 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction, properties of cryoliquids, safety
2. Methods of refrigeration, liquefaction and storage of cryoliquids.
3. Physical properties of materials at low temperatures.
4. Low temperature experimental techniques.
5. Heat transfer at low temperatures.
6. Low temperature vacuum technique.
7. Design of cryogenic equipment.
8. Applications of low temperatures.

Laboratory exercise

10 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Equipment of low temperatury laboratory, safety - excursion in laboratory
2. Work with cryoliquids (nitrogen, helium), mater properties at low temperatures
3. Detection of vacuum leaks, using of mass spectrometer
4. He liquefaction
5. Cryopumping