Course detail

Energy use of Biomass and Waste

FSI-IKBAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course is aimed with combustion technologies for wood and other biomass and waste. The course is an overview of the possible fuels, its features and capabilities available, then the theory of combustion of biomass in boilers, and an overview of the distribution of combustion appliances (fireplaces, small iron and steel boilers, boiler zplyňovací, slatted boilers, fluidized bed boilers) and the issue of co-firing of biomass with coal. Last but not least, the subject deals with the operation and economics of biomass burning. In the area of waste is the emphasis on the characteristics of waste and its treatment.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Knowledges from physiscs, hydromechanics and thermomechanics

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The credit condition is attendance at seminars and submitting the protocol of measurement. The test is a written and oral. Written section contains 3 questions, the oral one question.
Presentation at seminars to be held by seminar instructor. Seminars are obligatory. Unexcused absents to be compensated after agreement with instructor.


Aim is to teach students to apply gained knowledges in creativ ways in industry and organisations dealing with biomass and waste utilization.
Attendats will get knowledge about theory, design and operation of boilers for biomass and waste combustion. These expierences can be applied in in industrial enterprises, investment, operation and in public administration. Specific knowledge is the skill of testing small combustion devices (fireplaces, boilers, stoves) according to valid ČSN.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

TRÁVNÍČEK, Petr. Technologie zpracování biomasy za účelem energetického využití. Brno: Mendelova univerzita v Brně, 2015. ISBN 978-80-7509-206-9.
Jandačka, J., Malcho, M., Mikulík,M.:Technológie pre prípravu a energetické využitie biomasy, ISBN 978-80-969595-3-2
Mahallawy F.,Habik E.: Fundametals and technology of combustion,Elsevier 2002,ISBN 0-08-04--4106-8
TCHOBANOGLOUS, George., Hilary. THEISEN a S. A. VIGIL. Integrated solid waste management: engineering principles and management issues. New York: McGraw-Hill, c1993. ISBN 00-706-3237-5.
ČSN EN 303-5

Recommended reading

Noskievič P.:Biomasa a její energetické využití,VŠB tu Ostrava r.1996,ISBN 80-7078-367-2
VEJVODA, Josef, Pavel MACHAČ a Petr BURYAN. Technologie ochrany ovzduší a čištění odpadních plynů. Praha: Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická v Praze, 2003. ISBN 80-708-0517-X.


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-ENE-P Bachelor's, 3. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. The types of biomass, the basic distribution, the importance of biomass in the regions
2. Properties of biomass fuel treatment, storage
3. Biomass boilers - distribution, slatted boilers for biomass
4. Fluid fourth biomass boiler, a boiler other higher power co
5. Emissions from the combustion of biomass
6. Biomass Gasification - principles, technologies, applications
7. Basic mechanisms of biogas
8. The device biogas
9. Species waste and its properties
10. Device waste treatment, combustion, emissions
11. Application of treatment and waste incineration, more energy use, sludge
12. Operation of resources to waste and biomass - operating experience problems
13. Excursion

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction to basic procedures for measuring biomass boilers
2. ČSN EN 303-5
3. Implementation of laboratory tasks - efficiency fireplace inserts
4. Implementation of laboratory tasks - boiler efficiency
5. Performance of laboratory works - boiler efficiency
6. Excursion