Course detail

Fundamentals of Aircraft Structures

FSI-DLTAcad. year: 2022/2023

Aircraft and its parts, fuselage, types of structures, force loading, cabin windows. Wing, types of structures, wing loading, means of increasing buoyancy and resistance. Stabilization surfaces, vertical, horizontal, acting forces, fluttering, materials. Landing gear, types, construction, landing gear wheels, shock absorbers, landing gear vibrations. Aircraft control, requirements, control forces, means of relieving, balancing, warning devices.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students will gain knowledge and basic experience in the field of aircraft design and aircraft control systems. This knowledge is essential for the successful completion of the initial flight training.


Basic knowledge of material science, mathematics and physics.


Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught in the form of lectures that have the character of explanation of basic principles and theory of the given discipline. The exercise is focused on practical mastery of the subject matter covered in the lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit is awarded on condition of having attended the lectures 80%. Absence hours can be replaced by independent study and independent processing of prescribed tasks. Graded course-unit credit is based on test results.

Course curriculum

Not applicable.

Work placements

Not applicable.


Learning outcomes of the course unit The aim of the course is to provide students with basic knowledge of airframe design and aircraft onboard systems so that they understand their function in terms of flight characteristics, reliability and safety of flight operations.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

If the participation in lessons is less than 80%, the student proves that he / she has elaborated and supplemented the lessons. Missed lessons can be compensated to a limited extent by consultations.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

AVIATIONEXAM, JAA/EASA-FCL Test Prep, 021Airframe, Systems, Engines & Electrics, 2012. (EN)
Mikula J.: Konstrukce a projektování letadel I, skripta ČVUT, Praha, 2004. (CS)
Mikula J: Konstrukce a projektování letadel II, skripta ČVUT, Praha, 2006. (CS)

Recommended reading

Čalkovský, A., Pávek, J., Daněk, V.: Konstrukce a pevnost letadel, I. a II. VA Brno,1985. (CS)
Kolektiv autorů: Učebnice pilota, Svět křídel, Cheb, 2019. (CS)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-PRP-P Bachelor's, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

  • Programme CŽV Lifelong learning

    branch CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Aircraft Requirements.
2. Aircraft loading. Maneuvers, gusts, ground loads. Multiple.
3. Airworthiness requirements. Definitions and terms. Flight Envelopes. Load cases.
4. Wing structure, external shapes, load.

5. Leading and trailing edge. Flaps, slats, spoilers, brakes. Constructional solutions.
5. One, two, or more beam structures, strength calculation
6. Single and multi-box construction under general load.
7. Loads of joints and hinges
8. Horizontal and vertical tail surfaces. Structural design and loading
9. Fuselage. Purpose, requirements, and fuselage design. Pressurized cabins. Lattice structures.
10. Control. Control systems. Design of control elements.
11. Powerplant, engine location, engine mount.
12. Landing gear. Requirements, classification, and arrangement. Load and design.