Course detail

# Physics 1

FEKT-BPA-FY1Acad. year: 2022/2023

The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.

Language of instruction

Number of ECTS credits

Mode of study

Guarantor

Department

Offered to foreign students

Learning outcomes of the course unit

define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,

describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,

discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,

apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,

practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,

compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisites

have knowledge of basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,

be able to explain basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,

be able to apply basic laws of mechanics to simple motion of particles, to apply laws of electricity and magnetism to simple electric circuits.

Mathematical requirements:

Students should be able to discuss basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, to calculate linear equations and to apply basic goniometric functions.

Co-requisites

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Final classification – max. 100 pts.

Semester:

Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)

Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)

For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems, submit a homework and to gain at least 12 points.

Exam:

Up to 65 pts.

Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.

Course curriculum

2. Equation of motion and its applications. Oscillations. Work, energy and power. Conservation laws. Collisions.

3. Gravitational and electrostatic field. Actual gravitational field of the Earth.

4. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength and electric field lines. A point charge and a dipole in an electric field.

5. Gauss's law of electrostatics and its applications.

6. Electric potential and voltage as electrical potential difference.

7. Capacitance. Energy of an electrostatic field. Electrostatic field in a dielectric.

8. Electric current, equation of continuity. Ohm's law. Conduction of electric current in matter.

9. Magnetic field due to an electric current, Biot's-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.

10. Ampere's law of the total current. Force action of magnetic fields.

11. Faraday's law. Coils and inductances. Alternating electric current.

12. Gauss's law for magnetic fields. Magnetic field in matter.

13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for a dielectric.

Work placements

Aims

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Recommended optional programme components

Prerequisites and corequisites

Basic literature

Halliday, D.; Resnick, R.; Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics, 6th ed. 2001, John Willey & Sons, Inc. (CS)

Recommended reading

Serway R.,A, Jewett J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 8 th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, 2010 (EN)

eLearning

**eLearning:**currently opened course

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Conservation laws. Collisions.

Gravitational field.

Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field, field lines.

Point charge and electric dipole in an electric field. Gauss' law of electrostatics.

Capacitance. Electrostatic field in dielectrics. Energy in electric field.

Electric current, continuity relation. Ohm's law.

Electromotive force, work and power of electric current. Electric current in materials.

Magnetic field generated by electric current, Biot-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.

Ampere's law, force action of magnetic field.

Gauss' law for magnetic field. Magnetic field in materials.

Faraday's induction law. Coils and inductance.

Integral form of Maxwell's equations in vacuum and in dielectrics.

Fundamentals seminar

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Electric field. Gauss' law of electrostatics.

Magnetic field generated by electric current, Ampere's law. Force action of magnetic field.

Gauss' law for magnetic field. Faraday's induction law.

Exercise in computer lab

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Electrostatic field modelling - electric field and potential.

Motion of charged particles in stationary magnetic field.

Laboratory exercise

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Determination of the moment of inertia. Conservation laws for angular momentum and mechanical energy.

Gravitational acceleration - Reversion pendulum.

Speed of light.

Elementary charge.

Temperature dependence of resistance of metals and semiconductors. Thermistor.

Superconductivity.

Magnetic field around a conductor. Force action of the magnetic field.

Magnetic properties of materials.

Hall's effect.

Absorption of light.

Polarized light, interference of light, laser.

Seminar, seminar work presentation.

eLearning

**eLearning:**currently opened course