Course detail

Hydraulics and Hydrology

Basics of fluid statics – properties of fluids, pressure in a fluid at rest, hydrostatic forces on plain and curved surface, floatation
Basics of hydrodynamics, water flow in pressure pipeline systems.
Flow in systems with a free surface, in open channels and flow over hydraulic structures.
New finding in hydraulics of water structures.
Basics of groundwater flow, wells, collection galleries.
Basics in hydrology, water balance, precipitation, evaporation, surface runoff from watershed and its analysis, maximum and minimum discharges, M-day and N-year discharges.
Students will take the course partly in computational and laboratory exercises.

Language of instruction

Czech

Number of ECTS credits

5

Mode of study

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Students complete goal of this course which include getting up principles of hydraulics and hydrology.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics, mechanics and statics.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1 to 2 Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.
3rd Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.
4 to 5 Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow. Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.
6 to 7 Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels. Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.
8th Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.
9th Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.
10th Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.
11th Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well)
12th Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.
13th Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

The course wiil provide students with basic informatio on fluid behaviours and effects, phenomenons generated in water flow in pressure systems and open channels. Students will gain knowledge of natural water cycle and measuring of related qualitative and quantitative parameters.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

JANDORA, Jan, Vlastimil STARA a Miloš STARÝ. Hydraulika a hydrologie. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2011. ISBN 978-80-7204-739-0.
JANDORA, Jan. Hydraulika a hydrologie. Studijní opora. Brno: FAST VUT, 2005.
JANDORA, Jan. Hydraulika – příklady. Studijní opora. Brno: FAST VUT, 2017.

JANDORA, Jan a Hana UHMANNOVÁ. Základy hydrauliky a hydrologie. Příklady. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 1999. ISBN 80-214-1160-0.
BOOR, Boris, Jiří KUNŠTÁTSKÝ a Cyril PATOČKA. Hydraulika pro vodohospodářské stavby. SNTL/ALFA, 1968.
KOLÁŘ, Václav, Cyril PATOČKA a Jiří BÉM. Hydraulika. SNTL/ALFA, 1983.
MUNSON, Bruce R. a kol. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. New York: John Wiley&Sons, 2013. ISBN 978-1-118-11613-5.
WIDDEN, Martin. Fluid mechanics. New York: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1996. ISBN 978-0-333-51799-4.

Classification of course in study plans

• Programme B-P-C-MI (N) Bachelor's

branch MI , 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

branch N , 3. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1 to 2 Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.

3rd Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.

4 to 5 Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow. Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.

6 to 7 Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels. Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.

8th Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.

9th Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.

10th Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.

11th Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well).

12th Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.

13th Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.

Exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1 to 2 Calculations of communicating vessels and pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces.

3rd Ideal fluid flow calculations using the Bernoulli equation and the continuity equation.

4 to 5 Calculation of flow real fluid in pipelines (hydraulic long and short pipes).

6 to 7 Calculations of steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels and critical depth calculations.

8th Calculations of orifice discharge and overflow.

9th Calculations of hydraulic jump and design of a rectangular stilling basin.

10th The calculations of water flow in bridges and culverts.

11th Basic calculations of groundwater flow - wells.

12th Calculation of runoff from the watershed. 13th Estimates of m-day discharges.