FEKT-BPC-FY1Acad. year: 2021/2022
The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Graduates in the subject are able to
define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,
describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,
discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,
apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,
practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,
compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.
Within the scope of standard secondary school requirements students should
have knowledge of basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to explain basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to apply basic laws of mechanics to simple motion of particles, to apply laws of electricity and magnetism to simple electric circuits.
Students should be able to discuss basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, to calculate linear equations and to apply basic goniometric functions.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika, 2 vázané svazky. Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Brno, 2013 a 2019, Překlad 8. orig. vydání (CS)
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika, 5 brožovaných svazků. Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Prometheus Praha, 2000, 2003, 2006, Překlad 5. orig. vydání. (CS)
Fyzika 1. Studijní materiály k přednáškám, cvičením a laboratornímu cvičení. Stránka předmětu na eLearningu VUT. (CS)
Lepil O., Bednařík M., Hýblová R.: Fyzika pro střední školy 1.díl (vydání s CD) Prometheus 2012 (CS)
Lepil O., Bednařík M., Hýblová R.: Fyzika pro střední školy 2.díl (vydání s CD) Prometheus 2012 (CS)
DOBIS, P., UHDEOVÁ, N., BRÜSTLOVÁ, J., BARTLOVÁ, M. Průvodce studiem předmětu Fyzika 1. Průvodce studiem Fyziky 1. Brno: FEKT VUT v Brně, 2002. (CS)
Hyperphysics: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html (EN)
Serway R.,A, Jewett J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 8 th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, 2010 (EN)
Steve Holzner, Ph.D. : Physics For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2005 (EN)
Booker R., Boysen E.: Nanotechnology For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2010 (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. They include lectures, exercises, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write 6 laboratory reports and have to hand in the solution of assigned problems during the course.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Study evaluation is based on marks obtained for specified items.
Final classification – max. 100 pts.
Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)
Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)
For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems and to gain at least 12 points.
Up to 65 pts.
Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.
Language of instruction
1. Basics of the mechanics of a mass point.
2. Equation of motion and its applications. Oscillations. Work, energy and power. Conservation laws. Collisions.
3. Gravitational and electrostatic field. Actual gravitational field of the Earth.
4. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength and electric field lines. A point charge and a dipole in an electric field.
5. Gauss's law of electrostatics and its applications.
6. Electric potential and voltage as electrical potential difference.
7. Capacitance. Energy of an electrostatic field. Electrostatic field in a dielectric.
8. Electric current, equation of continuity. Ohm's law. Conduction of electric current in matter.
9. Magnetic field due to an electric current, Biot's-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.
10. Ampere's law of the total current. Force action of magnetic fields.
11. Faraday's law. Coils and inductances. Alternating electric current.
12. Gauss's law for magnetic fields. Magnetic field in matter.
13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for a dielectric.
The main objectives are: to provide the students with clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, and to strengthen an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Attendance in seminars is compulsory. Excused seminars can be made up.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
7 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
Exercise in computer lab
6 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
26 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer