Course detail

Introduction to Cybernetics

FEKT-BPC-UKBAcad. year: 2021/2022

Introduction to the technical cybernetics
Definition of the system, the system kinds and their properties (linearity, time-invariance, causality, etc.)
Systems – inputs/outputs, the ways of the systems description, energy accumulators and system order, examples of basic systems
Systems in the frequency domain, the analogy between the physical systems and RLC systems
The system structures (serial, parallel, antiparallel), explanation of positive/negative feedback
Stability of the systems, feedback use and the basic principle of automatic control, the main kinds of controllers (regulators)
The Laplace transform principle , solving the differential equations
The Z-transform principle, solving the difference equations
The physical signals – kinds and ways of description
Signals – frequency, amplitude, phase, power and energy of signals

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Absolvent is able to:
- describe basic signals by mathematic equations,
- define system and its basic properties (linearity, time-invariance, causality, etc.),
- distinguish between different kinds of systems and their structures,
- explain the terms system stability, system order and feedback,
- describe the basic principle of automatic control and enumerate several kinds of controllers (regulators),
- model and simulate simple systems using Matlab/Simulink.


The basic knowledge of mathematics, physics and electrical engineering at the level of the 1st year Bachelor studies.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

ŠVARC, Ivan. Základy automatizace. Elektronické skriptum, Brno 2002. (CS)
OPENHEIM, Alan, WILSKY, Alan. Signals and Systems. Second edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall 1997, 957 s. ISBN 0-13-814757-4. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures and final test.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

The final test – 100 points. The minimum 50 points is required for credit.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction to the technical cybernetics.
2. Signals – definition, types, properties. A/D and D/A conversion. Mathematical description of the basic signals.
4. Static and dynamic systems. System state, system energy, accumulators of energy and system order.
5. Control - definition, types, properties. Examples of control.
6. Basic types of controlled systems (processess), their properties and examples.
7. Feedback and the basic principle of automatic control, the main kinds of controllers (regulators).
8. Summary. Example of a control implementation.

Computer labs:
9. Introduction to Matlab.
10. Implementation of simple model in Simulink.
11. Modelling and simulation of basic systems.
12. Demonstration of implemented control solution(s).
13. Final examination (test).


The goal of this course is to provide an overview and explanation of the basic concepts and principles used in automation and cybernetics. Other goal is to demonstrate on the practical examples description of systems and signals in the time domain and frequency domain and to prepare the students for following course Signals and Systems. Furthermore, the course also aims showing and explanation of the relationships between the signals/systems and the knowledge obtained in other courses.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year. Participation at computer labs is compulsory.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPC-AMT Bachelor's, 1. year of study, summer semester, 3 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



16 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Exercise in computer lab

10 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer