Fundamentals of chemistry and technology of glass and ceramics
FCH-BC_TKSAcad. year: 2021/2022
Basic element structures of silicate materials, definition and classification of ceramics, structure and properties of ceramics, bonds in ceramic materials, raw materials, technological process of production of traditional ceramic materials based on clay raw materials, technical ceramics, refractory materials, definition, type, characteristics, properties and applications, advanced ceramics, oxide ceramics, non-oxide ceramics, ceramic materials for medical applications, superconducting ceramics, glass-ceramics, glass and crystalline coatings, definitions, characteristics, properties and uses of glass, types of glass according to chemical composition, technological process of glass production, glass melting process, melt characteristics, glass furnaces, types, construction,
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will acquire overview of basic chemical and phase systems and their changes in silicate chemistry.
Students will acquire basic knowledge of raw materials for the silicate materials production.
Students will be able to gain the knowledge of bases of technology of the production of glass and ceramics.
Students will acquire the knowledge of physical and chemical reactions occurring in the processing of glass, ceramics.
Students will be able to recognize different types of glass, ceramics, especially their normative .
Students will acquire knowledge of basic properties of the various types of glass and ceramics.
Basic knowledge of Genera, Inorganic and Physical chemistry and Structure of Materials.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Hlaváč J., Základy technologie silikátů, SNTL Praha 1981 (CS) (CS)
Hanykýř V., Kutzendörfer J.: Technologie keramiky, VEGA,Praha 2000 (CS) (CS)
Doyle P.J. : Glass-making Today, , Portcullis Press; Revised edition (January 1979) (CS) (EN)
Kingery W.D. et all: Introduction to Ceramics,1976 John Wileys and Sons (CS) (EN)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The subject is finished by passing written and following oral exam. It is necessary to gain 50% points in written exam for successful finishing of the subject. The topics of exam are published at e-learning system LMS Moodle prior the exam and they are in the range of the curriculum of the subject.
Language of instruction
1. Introduction, the fundamental systems of elements, bonds, microstructures and phases of silicate materials.
2. Definition and classification of ceramics, structure and properties of ceramics.
3. Funamental natural raw materials for ceramics production
4. Special, processed and technical raw materials for ceramics producion.
5. 3. The technological process of production of traditional ceramic materials based on clay raw materials.
6. Refractory materials, definition, type, characteristics, properties and applications.
7. Technical ceramics, oxide ceramics, non-oxide ceramics, phospate ceramics
8. Definitions, characteristics, properties and uses of glass, types of glass according to chemical composition.
9. Fundamental raw materials for glass production
10. The technological process of glass production, glass melting process, melt characteristics, glass furnaces, types, construction.
11. Glazes, enamels, glass and crystalline coatings Glass-ceramics.
12. Lecture of a specialist from industry.
13. Lecture of a specialist from industry.
The aim of this course is to provide conection between general chemistry courses (inorganic, physical chemistry etc.) and basics of chemistry and technology of silcate materials, ceramics and glass respectively. The main emphasis will be on basic systems of composition and structure of these silicate materials also the reactions and technology of processing raw materials and production itself.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer