Course detail

# Physics

FSI-BFAcad. year: 2020/2021

It is an introductory course of classical physics for bachelors, which is oriented to solving simple physical and technical tasks. The acquired knowledge creates the physical basis of technical branches. The course covers: Motion of a particle (velocity, acceleration); Work and energy (conservative and non-conservative forces, potential); Dynamics of a rotating solid body; Vibrations, harmonic oscillator; Waves, travelling wave, interference of waves; Thermodynamics; Electrostatic field, electric current, simple circuit.

Guarantor

Department

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Review of units of physical quantities, manipulation with equations that contain physical quantities. Knowledge of definitions, laws and conditions of their validity in the areas specified in the curriculum.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of classic physics on a secondary school level. Fundamentals of linear algebra, vector calculus and analytic geometry. Differential and integral calculus of functions of one variable.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Halliday – Resnick – Walker: Fyzika. 2. přepracované vydání, VUTIUM Brno, 2013

Šikula,J.-Liška.M.-Vašina,P.: Fyzika I. SNTL, 1987.

Kupská,I. a kol.: Fyzika-Sbírka příkladů. VUTIUM, 1999.

Feynman,R.P. - Leigton,R.B. - Sands,M.: Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky, Fragment 2000

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

In order to get a credit students must acquire at least 50% rating in both the seminars and the labs. The exam has written (possibly also oral) form and it tests the knowledge of physical quantities, laws and mainly their application in practise. The classification depends on acquired amount of points:

A: 90 - 100

B: 80 - 90)

C: 70 - 80)

D: 60 - 70)

E: 50 - 60)

F: 0 - 50)

Further details can be found in elearning

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Aims

Mastering the classic physics laws (in the specified areas of physics), ability of theirs application. Building the physical base of the technical subjects.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The attendance at seminars and labs which are stated in the timetable is checked by a teacher. The form and the date of the compensation for missed lessons are specified by the teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

- Programme B-STR-P Bachelor's
specialization STR , 1. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory

- Programme B3S-P Bachelor's
branch B-PRP , 1. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory

- Programme B-PDS-P Bachelor's, 1. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory
- Programme B-PRP-P Bachelor's, 1. year of study, summer semester, 7 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

The international system of units, the base units and derived units. Vectors and scalars. Vectors and theirs components. Adding vectors, multiplying vectors.

Motion in two and three dimensions. Position and displacement. Velocity and average velocity. Motion examples. Uniform and uniformly accelerated motion in a strait line. Projectile motion.

Why does a particle change its velocity? Newton`s first law. Force, some particular forces. Newton`s second law - equation of motion. Newton`s third law.

Kinetic energy. Work done by constant and variable force. Power. Work done by gravitational force and by spring.

Translation and rotation. The rotation variables. Rotation with constant angular acceleration.

Oscillations. Simple harmonic motion. The equation of motion of a harmonic oscillator.

Waves and particles. Type of waves. Longitudinal and transversal waves.

Temperature and heat. Thermodynamics. Heat and work. The first law of thermodynamics. Entropy. Reversible and irreversible processes. The second law of thermodynamic.

Electric charge. Conductors and nonconductors. Coulomb's law. Electric field. Charges and forces. Electric field lines. A point charge and dipole in an electric field.

Current and resistance. Ohm's law. Energy and power in electric circuits. Semiconductors. Superconductors. Work, energy and Emf. Calculating the current. Voltage in a circuit. Circuits with several loops.

Laboratory exercise

14 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Measuring the rotational inertia. Poisson´s constant.

Absorption of gamma radiation.

Viscosity of liquids. Heat of fusion of the ice.

RLC circuit. Wave length of the light.

Focal distance of thin lens.

Updated information and documents are available in elearning.

Exercise

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

Vectors: Chapter 3 – 37, 57 (6, 17, 30, 54, 58).

Motion of the particle: Chapter 2 – 78, 87 (5, 14, 32, 56, 83, 104), Chapter 4 – 15 (27, 62, 120, 123).

Force and motion: Chapter 5 – 47, 51, 53 (5, 20, 32, 78), Chapter 6 - 30, 34 (13, 22, 55, 60, 70, 109).

Work and Energy: Chapter 7 - 22, 37 (12, 36, 55, 56, 73), Chapter 8 – 25, 27, 64 (29, 34, 40, 53, 59, 94).

Rotation: Chapter 10 – 38, 69 (4, 17, 20, 26, 30, 55, 79, 82, 96).

Oscillations: Chapter 15 – 11, 24, 101 (32, 65, 76, 81, 96, 110).

Waves: Chapter 16 – 84 (8, 32, 79, 91).

Electric charge, electric field: Chapter 21 – 9 (12, 15, 54), Chapter 22 – 10 (7, 40, 69).

Current ansd circuits: Chapter 26: 44 (1, 17, 18, 43), Chapter 27: 44 (7, 9, 19).

The exercises are taken from the literature [1] recommended to students and are situated at the end of each chapter. Text of the exercises can be found also in elearning.

eLearning

**eLearning:** opened course