Course detail

# Physics 1

FEKT-BPC-FY1AAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.

Supervisor

Department

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Graduates in the subject are able to

define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,

describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,

discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,

apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,

practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,

compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisites

Within the scope of standard secondary school requirements students should
have knowledge of basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to explain basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to apply basic laws of mechanics to simple motion of particles, to apply laws of electricity and magnetism to simple electric circuits.
Mathematical requirements:
Students should be able to discuss basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, to calculate linear equations and to apply basic goniometric functions.

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Brno, 2014, Překlad 8. orig. vydání (CS)

Halliday, D.; Resnick, R.; Walker J.: Fyzika. Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Prometheus Praha, 2000, 2003, 2006, Překlad 5. orig. vydání. (CS)

Fyzika 1. Studijní materiály k přednáškám, cvičením a laboratornímu cvičení. Stránka předmětu na eLearningu VUT. (CS)

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hph.html (EN)

Serway R.,A, Jewett J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 9 th Edition, Brooks/Cole Boston MA 02210 USA (EN)

Steve Holzner, Ph.D. : Physics For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2005 (CS)

Booker R., Boysen E.: Nanotechnology For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2010 (EN)

Horák, Z., Krupka,F: Fyzika, SNTL 1981 Praha (CS)

Sedlák, B., Štoll I.: Elektřina a magnetismus, Academia Praha 1993 (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. They include lectures, exercises, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write 6 laboratory reports and have to hand in the solution of assigned problems during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Study evaluation is based on marks obtained for specified items.

Final classification – max. 100 pts.

Semester:

Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)

Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)

For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems and to gain at least 12 points.

Exam:

Up to 65 pts.

Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.

Language of instruction

Czech

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Basics of the mechanics of a mass point.

2. Equation of motion and its applications. Oscillations. Work, energy and power. Conservation laws. Collisions.

3. Gravitational and electrostatic field. Actual gravitational field of the Earth.

4. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength and electric field lines. A point charge and a dipole in an electric field.

5. Gauss's law of electrostatics and its applications.

6. Electric potential and voltage as electrical potential difference.

7. Capacitance. Energy of an electrostatic field. Electrostatic field in a dielectric.

8. Electric current, equation of continuity. Ohm's law. Conduction of electric current in matter.

9. Magnetic field due to an electric current, Biot's-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.

10. Ampere's law of the total current. Force action of magnetic fields.

11. Faraday's law. Coils and inductances. Alternating electric current.

12. Gauss's law for magnetic fields. Magnetic field in matter.

13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for a dielectric.

Aims

The main objectives are: to provide the students with clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, and to strengthen an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance in seminars is compulsory. Excused seminars can be made up.

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

- Programme BPC-IBE Bachelor's, 1. year of study, summer semester, 6 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning

**eLearning:** opened course