Course detail

Physical Chemistry I

FCH-BAA_FCH1Acad. year: 2020/2021

Subject of thermodynamics, basics terminology. State behaviour of gases. Internal energy and its meaning. 1st law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy, thermal capacities. Thermochemistry. Carnot cycle. Entropy. Irreversible processes. Second law of thermodynamics. Meaning and measuring of entropy. Joined formulations of the first and second laws. Thermodynamic quantities as functions. Gibbs and Helmholtz energy. Equilibrium and their criteria. Chemical potential, fugacity. Third law of thermodynamics. Phase equilibria, diagrams, criteria of phase stability. Thermodynamics of solutions, activity, standard states. Chemical equilibria, extent of reaction, reaction Gibbs ebergy, reaction isotherm, equilibrium constant. Electrolyte solutions. Solution conductivity, velocity of ions. Principles of theory of interaction between ions. Electrolysis, Faraday laws. Electrolytic and galvanic cells, electrodes, electrode potential, electromotive force. Nernst equation. Types of electrodes and cells. Electrochemistry in practice.

Offered to foreign students

Of all faculties

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Student will master principles of chemical thermodynamics and electrochemistry, their significance in practice and should be able to apply obtained knowledge in specialized courses and in solution to various practical problems.

Prerequisites

Basic undergraduate mathematics (calculus) and physics (mechanics, electrostatic field, electric current).

Co-requisites

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

PEKAŘ, M. Lecture Notes on Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry. Brno: VUTR v Brně, Fakulta chemická, 2008. ISBN: 978-80-214-3628- 2. (EN)
ATKINS, P., DE PAULA, J.: Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. (EN)
OAKLEY, B.: A mind for numbers. N. York: Penguin, 2014. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course uses teaching methods in form of Lecture - 1 teaching hour per week, Seminar - 2 teaching hours per week. The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to teachers and students.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Seminar:
Succesfully passed all periodical written tests in the total score of 50% points. Passed seminar is necessary for the exam.
Exam:
Written and oral part. Written part - ten questions, answers marked by up to 100 points, limit to pass: 50 points. No oral part after unsuccessful written part. Failed oral part may be repeated without repeating written part.

Language of instruction

English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Introduction, basic concepts, kinetic theory of ideal and real gas
2. First law of thermodynamics
3. Thermochemistry
4. Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, combined first and second laws, third law of thermodynamics
5. Thermodynamics of mixtures - principles
6. Phase behaviour - general principles, one-component systems, solutions
7. Phase behaviour of multi-component systems
8. Chemical equilibria - equilibrium constant
9. Chemical equilibria - reaction and standard reaction thermochemical quantities
10. Electrolytes, conductivity, current conduction in soilutions
11. Equilibria in solutions of electrolytes, interactions between ions
12. Electrochemical cells
13. Examples of cells, electrolysis, practical electrochemistry

Aims

The goal of the subject Physical chemistry I. is to provide the students with the rudiments of chemical thermodynamics and electrochemistry in such a way, that the students are able to utilize them by the solution of problems in laboratory and industrial practice. Simultaneously, the obtained knowledge serves as a basis for the study of other subjects.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Seminars only:
Periodical written tests in exercises.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPCP_CHCHT_INT Bachelor's

    branch BPCO_SCH , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, elective

  • Programme NPCP_CHM_INT Master's

    branch NPCO_CHM , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, elective

Type of course unit

 

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

eLearning

eLearning: opened course