Course detail

# Physics 1

FEKT-KFY1Acad. year: 2015/2016

The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.

Guarantor

Department

Learning outcomes of the course unit

define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,

describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,

discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,

apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,

practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,

compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.

Prerequisites

have knowledge of basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,

be able to explain basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,

be able to apply basic laws of mechanics to simple motion of particles, to apply laws of electricity and magnetism to simple electric circuits.

Mathematical requirements:

Students should be able to discuss basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, to calculate linear equations and to apply basic goniometric functions.

Co-requisites

Recommended optional programme components

Literature

Halliday, D.; Resnick, R.; Walker J.: Fyzika. Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Prometheus Praha, 2000, 2003, 2006, Překlad 5. orig. vydání. (CS)

DOBIS, P., UHDEOVÁ, N., BRÜSTLOVÁ, J., BARTLOVÁ, M. Průvodce studiem předmětu Fyzika 1. Průvodce studiem Fyziky 1. Brno: FEKT VUT v Brně, 2002. (CS)

Hyperphysics: http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/hframe.html (EN)

Serway R.,A, Jewett J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 8 th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, 2010 (EN)

Booker R., Boysen E.: Nanotechnology For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2010 (EN)

Steve Holzner, Ph.D. : Physics For Dummies, John Willey & Sons, Inc., 2005 Steve Holzner, Ph.D. : Physics For Dummies, Steve Holzner, Ph.D. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Final classification – max. 100 pts.

Semester:

Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)

Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)

For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems and to gain at least 12 points.

Exam:

Up to 65 pts.

Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.

Language of instruction

Work placements

Course curriculum

2. Equation of motion and its applications. Oscillations. Work, energy and power. Conservation laws. Collisions.

3. Gravitational and electrostatic field. Actual gravitational field of the Earth.

4. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength and electric field lines. A point charge and a dipole in an electric field.

5. Gauss's law of electrostatics and its applications.

6. Capacitance. Electrostatic field in a dielectric. Energy of an electrostatic field.

7. Electric current, equation of continuity. Ohm's law.

8. Electromotive force. Work and power executed by electric current. Conduction of electric current in matter.

9. Magnetic field due to an electric current, Biot's-Savart's law, magnetic field lines.

10. Ampere's law of the total current. Force action of magnetic fields.

11. Gauss's law for magnetic fields. Magnetic field in matter.

12. Faraday's law. Coils and inductances. Alternating electric current.

13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for a dielectric.

Aims

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

- Programme EEKR-BK Bachelor's
branch BK-AMT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

branch BK-EST , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

branch BK-MET , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

branch BK-SEE , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

branch BK-TLI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory - Programme IBEP-TZ Bachelor's
branch TZ-IBP , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

- Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning
branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Laboratory exercise

Teacher / Lecturer