Course detail

Binders 3

FAST-NJA029Acad. year: 2024/2025

Mechanism of sulphate binders formation, improve the properties of sulphate binders.
Use of lime and limestone outside the scope of the construction industry.
Hydraulic lime with pozzolanic component based on waste and non-traditional materials.
Structure and mechanism of formation of clinker minerals.
Special cements.
Raw materials for the production of dry mortar mixtures, dry mortar mixtures properties and possibilities of modification.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.


Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge in the field of binders in the scope of bachelor study of the Faculty of Civil Engineering BUT.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


Not applicable.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Duda, W. H.: Cement Data-Book, Bauverlag GmbH, 1976


Bárta Rudolf: Chemie a technologie cementu, Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, 1961


Láník J., Cikrt M.: Dvě tisíciletí vápenictví a cementárenství v českých zemích, Svaz výrobců cementu a vápna Čech, Moravy a Slezska, 2001


Recommended reading

HOŘEČNATÉHO, Referenční dokument o nejlepších dostupných technikách, Evropská komise, 2010


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme NPC-SIM Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1.Sources of calcium and magnesium carbonate for the production of inorganic binders and their use in technical practice outside the construction industry. 2. Sources and use of calcium sulphates for the production of inorganic binders. 3. Sources and use of alumina and ferric oxide for the production of inorganic binders. 4. Sources and use of silica for the production of inorganic binders. 5. Improvement of properties of hemihydrate plaster: modifying additives, overview and mechanism of their function, influence of grinding. 6. Improvement of the properties of anhydrite mortars: modifying additives, overview and mechanism of their function, pigments, effect of grinding. 7. Preparation of hydraulic lime: hydraulic lime for historical mortars and plasters, hydraulic lime with pozzolanic component based on waste materials. 8. Utilization of waste materials as part of the raw material base for clinker production and for preparation of blended cements: recycled materials from building industry, fluidized bed fly ash, industrial gypsum etc. 9. Clinker minerals, mechanism of their hydration and formation of hydration products. 10. Belitic, BCSA and CSA cement: preparation, phase composition and properties. 11. Other special cements: preparation, phase composition and properties. 12. Preparation and properties of industrially produced dry mortar mixtures: grouts, mortars, plasters. 13. Preparation and properties of special dry mortar mixtures: shielding baryte mixtures, self-leveling mixtures.


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Laboratory order, theoretical description of the test procedures. 2. Preparation of samples of high-quality sulfate binder by gypsum dehydration. 3. Preparation of samples of calcium hydrosilicates in various conditions. 4. Performing mineralogical analyzes of prepared samples using X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy. 5. Evaluation of achieved results of sulphate binder and calcium hydrosilicate analyzes. 6. Control of reports, credit.