Course detail

Numerical methods

FAST-NAA027Acad. year: 2024/2025

Introduction to numerical mathematics, namely interpolation and approximations of functions, numerical differentiation and quadrature, analysis of algebraic and differential equations and their systems.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.


Institute of Mathematics and Descriptive Geometry (MAT)

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge of mathematical analysisi at the level of bachelor courses, ability to study mathematical textbooks.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


To understand fundamentals of numerical methods for the interpolation and approximation of functions and for the solution of algebraic and differential equations, reqiured in the technical practice.
Following the aim of the course, students will be able to apply numerical approaches to standard engineering problems.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

DALÍK J.: Numerické metody. CERM Brno 1997.


VALA J.: Numerická matematika. FAST VUT v Brně 2021.


Recommended reading

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme NPC-GK Master's, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Errors in numerical calculations. Linear spaces and operators, fixed point theorems. Iterative methods for the analysis of nonlinear algebraic and selected further equations. 2. Iterative and coupled methods for the analysis of linear algebraic equations, relaxation methods, method of conjugated gradients. 3. Multiplicative decomposition of matrices. Numerical evaluation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices and of inverse matrices, algorithms for special matrices. 4. Condition numbers of systems of linear equations. Least squares method, pseudoinverse matrices. 5. Generalizations of methods from 3. and 4. to the analysis of systems of nonlinear equations. 6. Lagrange and Hermite interpolation of functions of 1 variable, namely polynoms and splines. 7. Approximation of functions of 1 variable using the least squares methos: linear and nonlinear approach. 8. Approximation of function of more variables. 9. Numerical differentiation. Finite difference method for the analysis of selected initial and boundary problems for ordinary differential equations. 10. Numerical quadrature. Finite element method for the analysis of selected initial and boundary problems for ordinary differential equations. 11. Time-dependent problems. Time discretization: Euler methods, Cranka-Nicholson method, Runge-Kutta methods, Newmark method. 12. Generalization of 9. and 10. for pro partial differential equations of evolution, e.g. heat transfer equations, fluid flow equations and equations of dynamics of building structures. 13. Sensitivity and inverse problems. Identification of uncertain material parameters from known measurement results. Selected engineering application, due to other courses. An iniciative own study of theoretical backgroung is assumed, without any supporting lectures.