Course detail

# Mathematics 2

Antiderivative, indefinite integral, its properties and methods of calculation. Newton integral, its properties and calculation. Definition of Riemann integral. Applications of integral calculus in geometry and physics - area of a plane figure, length of a curve, volume and surface of a rotational body, static moments and the centre of gravity.
Functions in two and more variables. Limit and continuity, partial derivatives, implicit function, total differential, Taylor expansion, local minima and maxima, relative maxima and minima, maximum and minimum values of a function; directional derivative, gradient. Tangent to a 3-D curve, Tangent plane and normal to a surface.

Language of instruction

Czech

Number of ECTS credits

5

Mode of study

Not applicable.

Department

Institute of Mathematics and Descriptive Geometry (MAT)

Entry knowledge

Basics of linear algebra, vector calculus and analytical geometry in 3D. Basic notions of the theory of functions of one variable, derivatives of elementary functions.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.

Aims

Understand and know how to integrate elementary functions, understand some applications of the definite integral (length of a curve, volume and surface area of a rotational body, static momentums and centre of gravity). Students should acquaint themselves with the basic concepts of calculus of two and more-functions. They should be able to calculate partial derivatives, acquaint themselves with the concept of an implicit function. To understand the geometric interpretation of the total differential of a function. Learn how to find local and global minima and maxima of two-functions. To learn about the directional derivative and its calculation.
Students will achieve the subject&apos;s objectives. They will get an understanding of the basics of integral calculus of functions of one variable, know how to integrate elementary functions and apply these (length of a curve, volume and surface area of a rotational body, static momentums and centre of gravity). Students will acquaint themselves with the basic concepts of the calculus of functions of two and more variables. They will be able to calculate partial derivatives of functions of several variables. They will get an understanding of the total differential of a function and its geometrical meaning. They will also learn how to find local and global minima and maxima of two-functions. They will get acquainted with directional derivatives of functions of several variables and their calculation.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Jirásek, F., Čipera, S., Vacek, M., Sbírka řešených příkladů z matematiky I, SNTL Praha 1986.

(CS)

Eliáš, J., Horváth, J., Kajan, J., Śulka, R., Zbierka úloh z vzššej matamatiky 2, Alfa Bratislava 1979.

(SK)

Rektorys, K., Přehled užité matematiky, Prometheus, Praha 2000.

(CS)

Classification of course in study plans

• Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

branch VS , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

branch VS , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

• Programme B-P-C-MI (N) Bachelor's

branch MI , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

#### Type of course unit

Lecture

26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Antiderivative, indefinite integral and their properties. Integration by parts and using substitutions. 2. Integrating rational functions. 3. Integrating trigonometric functions. Integrating irrational functions. 4. Newton and Riemann integral and their properties. 5. Integration methods for definite integrals. Applications of the definite integral. 6. Geometric and engineering applications of the definite integral. 7. Real function of several variables. Basic notions, composite function. Limits of sequences, limit and continuity of two-functions. 8. Partial derivative, partial derivative of a composite function, higher-order partial derivatives. Total differential of a function, higher-order total differentials. 9. Taylor polynomial of a function of two variables. Local maxima and minima of functions of two variables. 10. Function in one variable defined implicitly. Function of two variables defined implicitly. 11. Some theorems of continuous functions, relative and global maxima and minima. 12. Tangent to a 3-D curve, Tangent plane and normal to a surface. 13. Scalar field, directional derivative, gradient.

Exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Syllabus

1. Differentiating revision. 2. Integration by parts and using substitutions. 3. Integrating rational functions. 4. Integrating trigonometric functions. 5. Integrating irrational functions. 6. Integration methods for definite integrals. 7. Geometric applications of the definite integral. Test 1. 8. Geometric and engineering applications of the definite integral. 9. Partial derivative, partial derivative of a composite function, higher-order partial derivatives. 10. Total differential of a function, higher-order total differentials. Taylor polynomial of a function of two variables. 11. Local maxima and minima of functions of two variables. Test 2. 12. Functions defined implicitly. Global maxima and minima. 13. Tangent plane and normal to a surface. Seminar evaluation.