Course detail

Concrete bridges 1

FAST-BL012Acad. year: 2023/2024

Importance and development of bridge engineering. Materials for the construction of bridges. Materials properties. Specifications for designing of bridges. General features of design. Loads.
Stone bridges, brick bridges. Bridges from plain concrete. Culverts. Slab bridges - skew, tapered and curved decks. Integral bridges. Slab bridges assembled from precast members. Principles of general types of girder bridges design.
Bridge accessories. Expansion joints, bearings and equipment. Substructure bridges, construction work behind abutment.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.


Institute of Concrete and Masonry Structures (BZK)

Entry knowledge

design of road and bridges, design of concrete structures, prestressed concrete

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


To gain knowledge about basic principles of design of bridges.
To learn designing of essential types of concrete slab and framed bridges.
To gain knowledge and skill in designing of bridge accessories.
A student gains these knowledge and skills:
• Knowledge of basic principles of design of bridges.
• Virtue for designing essential types of concrete slab and framed bridges.
• Knowledge and skill in designing bridge accessories.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

SEČKÁŘ, Milan. Betonové mosty I. Brno: VUT, 1998. ISBN 80-214-1306-9.


MENN, Christian. Prestressed Concrete Bridges. Birkhäuser Verlag, 1991. ISBN 0817624147.


NEČAS, Radim, KOLÁČEK, Jan, PANÁČEK, Josef. Betonové mosty I. Zásady navrhování (studijní opora, ESF). Brno: VUT, 2014. ISBN 978-80-01-04661-6


Recommended reading

JANDA, Lubor, KLEISNER, Zdeněk a ZVARA, Jozef. Betonové mosty. Praha: SNTL, 1988.


HEWSON, Nigel R. Prestressed Concrete Bridges: Design and Construction. London: Thomas Telford Publishing, 2003. ISBN 978-0727732231.


ŠAFÁŘ, Roman, KUKAŇ, Vlastimil, DRAHORÁD, Michal, FOGLAR, Marek. Betonové mosty 1. Přednášky. Praha: ČVUT, 2010. ISBN 978-80-01-04661-6.


HOLST, Karl, Heinz a HOLST, Ralph. Brücken aus Stahlbeton und Spannbeton. Berlin: Ernst und Sohn, 2004. ISBN 3-433-02837-0.


Elektronické studijní opory FAST VUT
Stráský Jiří, Nečas Radim. Základní principy navrhování. 109 stran, 2007; Klusáček Ladislav. Nosné konstrukce mostů. 34 stran, 2007; Panáček Josef. Spodní stavba a příslušenství mostních objektů. 82 stran, 2007


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-P-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch K , 4. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

  • Programme B-K-C-SI (N) Bachelor's

    branch K , 4. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction. Development of bridge engineering. Basic definitions. Type of bridges. Essential parts of bridges. Spatial arrangement. 2. Loads. Materials for bridges construction and their properties. Specifications for design of bridges and load-bearing structures. 3. Stone, masonry and plain concrete bridges. Culverts – types, loading, dimensioning. 4. Slab bridges – structural arrangement, static action. 5. Vertical, skew and irregular slabs. Accurate and approximate methods of slab calculation. Expansion action. 6. Slabs from prestressed concrete assembled from precast members – reinforcement, prestressing, calculation methods. 7. Principles of general types of cast in place girder bridges design. 8. Principles of design of general types of girder bridges from precast members. 9. Accessories of road and railway bridges. Waterproofing. Pavements and cornices. Railings and safety barriers. 10. Expansion joinst. Drainage. Steel, concrete, elastomer and combined bearings. 11. Substructure – abutments, wing walls and intermediate supports. Waterproofing and wearing surface. Support threshold. Construction work behind abutment.


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Reinforced concrete bridge: Design and review of load-bearing structure of a slab bridge, design of bridge, space arrangement, embedding into terrain, superstructure, supporting and equipment. 2. Load (permanent and variable load – vertical moving load), calculation of internal forces using simplified method (method of interaction width), combination of internal forces. 3. Dimensioning for ultimate limit state – material, covering and reinforcement design, analysis of bend and shear, design of transverse reinforcement, anchorage of reinforcement. 4. Evaluation for serviceability limit state – stress and cracks limitation, displacement limitation. 5. Drawings of layout and arrangement of reinforcement. 6. Bridge substructure: Design and checking of support – load-bearing capacity, stability, cantilever wing. 7. Bridge saet (bearing chair), breast wall. 8. Structural members enabling expansion of load-bearing bridge structure. Calculation of expansions, design of members, adjustment of members for different temperatures. 9. Bridge from longitudinal prestressed segments. Design, load, transversal interaction of girders, internal forces, dimensioning and reinforcing principles. 10. Final correction. 11. Design submission. Credit.