Course detail

Hydraulics and Hydrology

FAST-BRA010Acad. year: 2023/2024

Basics of fluid statics – properties of fluids, pressure in a fluid at rest, hydrostatic forces on plain and curved surface, floatation
Basics of hydrodynamics, water flow in pressure pipeline systems.
Flow in systems with a free surface, in open channels and flow over hydraulic structures.
New finding in hydraulics of water structures.
Basics of groundwater flow, wells, collection galleries.
Basics in hydrology, water balance, precipitation, evaporation, surface runoff from watershed and its analysis, maximum and minimum discharges, M-day and N-year discharges.
Students will take the course partly in computational and laboratory exercises.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge of mathematics, physics, mechanics and statics.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


The course wiil provide students with basic informatio on fluid behaviours and effects, phenomenons generated in water flow in pressure systems and open channels. Students will gain knowledge of natural water cycle and measuring of related qualitative and quantitative parameters.
Students complete goal of this course which include getting up principles of hydraulics and hydrology.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

JANDORA, Jan, Vlastimil STARA a Miloš STARÝ. Hydraulika a hydrologie. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2011. ISBN 978-80-7204-739-0.
JANDORA, Jan. Hydraulika a hydrologie. Studijní opora. Brno: FAST VUT, 2005.
JANDORA, Jan. Hydraulika – příklady. Studijní opora. Brno: FAST VUT, 2017.

Recommended reading

JANDORA, Jan a Hana UHMANNOVÁ. Základy hydrauliky a hydrologie. Příklady. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 1999. ISBN 80-214-1160-0.
BOOR, Boris, Jiří KUNŠTÁTSKÝ a Cyril PATOČKA. Hydraulika pro vodohospodářské stavby. SNTL/ALFA, 1968.
KOLÁŘ, Václav, Cyril PATOČKA a Jiří BÉM. Hydraulika. SNTL/ALFA, 1983.
MUNSON, Bruce R. a kol. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics. New York: John Wiley&Sons, 2013. ISBN 978-1-118-11613-5.
WIDDEN, Martin. Fluid mechanics. New York: Macmillan Press Ltd, 1996. ISBN 978-0-333-51799-4.


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPC-MI Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

  • Programme BPC-SI Bachelor's

    specialization E , 3. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1.–2. Hydraulics, fluid properties, hydrostatic, pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces, floatation.

3. Hydrodynamics, continuity and momentum equation, Bernoulli equation, application of impulse theorem.

4.–5. Water flow in pressure pipeline systems, laminar and turbulent flow. Calculation of hydraulic long and short pipes and combined pipes. Inverted siphon, sucker, pump design.

6.–7. Steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels. Energetic head of profile. Critical flow. Supercritical and subcritical flow.

8. Overflow of water on overfalls. Orifice discharge and overfalls with reservoirs.

9. Hydraulic jump with bottom regime. Connection of water surface of two pools, design of rectangle stilling basin.

10. Hydraulic computation of typical communication objects, bridges and culverts.

11. Basics of groundwater flow (Darcy’s formula, filtration velocity, filtration coefficient, Dupuit theorem, groundwater flow in surrounding of a well).

12. Hydrology: occurrence of water and water cycle, hydrological balance, definition and characteristics of watershed, precipitation, evaporation, measurement of hydrological variables.

13. Surface runoff from watershed and its determination. Flow regimes in open channels. Maximum and minimum discharges, m-day and N-year discharges, winter regime, influence on runoff regime, influence of reservoirs on regulation of outflow from watershed, etc.


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1.–2. Calculations of communicating vessels and pressure forces on plane and curved surfaces.

3. Ideal fluid flow calculations using the Bernoulli equation and the continuity equation.

4.–5. Calculation of flow real fluid in pipelines (hydraulic long and short pipes).

6.–7. Calculations of steady uniform flow with free surface in open channels and critical depth calculations.

8. Calculations of orifice discharge and overflow.

9. Calculations of hydraulic jump and design of a rectangular stilling basin.

10. The calculations of water flow in bridges and culverts.

11. Basic calculations of groundwater flow – wells.

12. Calculation of runoff from the watershed.

13. Estimates of m-day discharges.