Course detail

Teoretical elements of Composite Materials

FAST-DJB046Acad. year: 2023/2024

Development, distribution and types of composite materials and their characteristics.
Matrix and dispersed phase materials.
Composite action in the material structure. The influence of the structure on the properties of composites.
Variables defining properties of composites. Design of composites, choice of components and production problems.
Particle Composites I to III. type.
Fiber composites, fiber types (long and short fibers, carbon, metal, glass, basalt and polymer, whiskers) and matrix types.
Composite materials with cement matrix and fiber reinforcement, glass fiber reinforced concrete, fiber cement composites, fiber reinforced concrete with steel fibers. Slenderness ratio. Critical fiber length.
Composite materials with polymeric matrix and fiber reinforcement (FRP). Pultrussion process. New materials for reinforcing structures, lamellas, reinforcement fabrics. Composites reinforced with strips. Laminates. Hybrid composites.
Unidirectional composites - Relative representation of phases (volume and mass representation of components, basic computational relations). Longitudinal strength and stiffness, working diagram during tensile stress (graphs, basic calculation relationships). Thermal expansion, transport properties, transmission coefficient (graphs, basic computational relations). Module of elasticity and strength of short-fiber composites.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.


Institute of Technology of Building Materials and Components (THD)

Entry knowledge

Knowledge of physics and chemistry. Knowledge of building materials, knowledge of building materials physics, mechanics, concrete technology, plastics.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Extent and forms are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.


Obtaining elemental teoretical knowledge in composites materials. Introduction to new composite materials used in the building industry. Understanding of composite effects of materials and of possibilities which offers the composite material. Introduction to principles of composites design and utilization. The student can on the base of obtained results make the optimal choice of the composite material for actual application and he is able to define the demanded properties of composite material and conditions for its use. He is able to predict the properties of designed composite material.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

BODNÁROVÁ, L. Kompozitní materiály, studijní opora, Brno, Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Fakulta stavební, 2007. (CS)

Recommended reading

BHAGWAN D. AGARWAL, LAWRENCE J. BROUTMAN, K. CHANDRASHEKHARA, Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites, 4th Edition, ISBN: 978-1-119-38998-9, 2017


W. CLYNE, D. HULL, An Introduction to Composite Materials, 3rd Edition, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 10 0521860954, 2019


ACI Committee 440, ACI 440R-07 Report on Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Reinforcement for Concrete Structures, ISBN: 9780870312595, 2007


 VISTASP M KARBHARI, Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications, Woodhead Publishing in Materials, ISBN: 0849391091, 2007


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DPA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKA-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DKC-M Doctoral, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Types of composite materials and their characteristics, development of composite materials. 2. Definition of composite effect, variables defining the composite properties, their structural classification. 3. Design of composites. 4. Particles composites of I. till III.type; specific characteristics. 5. Fibre composites, fibres, matrices. 6. Composite materials with cement matrix and fibrous reinforcement. 7. Glass-fibre-concrete, fibre-concrete with polymer fibres, design, application. 8. Fibre-concrete with steel fibres, design, application. 9. Composite materials with polymer matrix and fibrous reinforcement. 10. Technology composite materials manufacture, with polymer matrix and fibre reinforcement. 11. New materials for strengthening of structures, lamellas, reinforcing fabrics. 12. Composites reinforced by bands. Laminates. Hybrid composites. 13. Unidirectional composites, abundances of fibres. Mechanics of unidirectional composites.Longitudinal strength and stiffness, stress strain diagram during tensile load (graphs, basic calculation formulae, Behaviour in the case of failure. Thermal dilatation and transport properties. Elasticity modulus and strength of short-fibre composites.