Course detail

Electrical Power Distribution

FEKT-MPA-DEEAcad. year: 2023/2024

Essential problems of power distribution. Methods of solution of the steady states of distribution networks. Identification of characteristic values of short circuits for both symmetrical and asymmetrical failures.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

The subject knowledge on the secondary school level is required, mainly ability to operate with goniometrical functions, complex numbers, understanding in area of The circuit theory with focus on steady state of circuit and three-phase systems. The successful completion of courses BPC-MA1B, BPC-VMP, BPC-MA2, BPC-FYZ1A, BPC-FYZ2, BPC-EL1 and BPC-EL2 are also required.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The course is evaluated by student’s activity in the lessons and it is finished by exam valuation. The exam has practical and theoretical part
Students can obtain:
up to 40 points from tutorial lessons (tests and protocols from laboratory exercise)
up to 60 points from the exam (30 points practical part and 30 points theoretical part). The exam is focused to verify the student understanding of the area power distribution.
Detailed requirements for completion of a course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated every year.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.


To let the students make familiar with basic problems of power distribution.
The students get the basic facts about power distribution.
The students pass out the course are able to:
- describe basic division of power system and their separate parts
- list and describe fundamental parameters of the power network elements and enumeration of basic dependencies of these parameters
- give details of aspect of power network design and verification
- calculate the power network steady state on low and middle voltage levels and current and voltage conditions on the ultra high voltage lines
- design cross-section of line or limited power network based on power losses or voltage drop
- explain principles of parallel and serial compensations
- named type of short-circuits for symmetrical and nonsymmetrical failures
- calculate characteristic values of short circuit current for specified point in power network
- expertly estimate the value ranges of the basic calculated quantity

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Not applicable.

Recommended reading

KERSTING, W. H. Distribution system modeling and analysis. 3rd ed. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, c2012, xv, 439 p. ISBN 978-1-4398-5622-2. (EN)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPA-EAK Master's, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Basic terms
2. Equivalent networks replacing the power system (PS) elements and their parameters.
3. Basic aspects for design of electrical network
- power losses
- operational and momentary temperature rise of overhead and cable power lines
- voltage drop
4. High and low voltage networks
- simple three-phase lines
- meshed three-phase networks
- single-phase lines
5. Parallel and serial compensation
6. Very high voltage networks
- PS elements modeling by two-port network
7. Ratio values in three-phase systems
8. Short circuit currents and their impact on the PS elements
9. Mathematical modelling of PS when calculating the characteristic values of short circuit currents for symmetrical failures
10. Characteristic values of short circuit currents calculation for asymmetrical failures

Fundamentals seminar

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Basic requirements on power distribution
2. Conductor cross-section dimensioning in simple-type power lines by using the voltage drops and power losses
3. Parallel and series compensation
4. Calculation of symmetrical and asymmetrical short circuits

Exercise in computer lab

2 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Design of the cross-section of a meshed network based on voltage drops, by using PC
2. Solution of short circuit relations in power distribution network, by using PC

Laboratory exercise

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Measurements of model of low-voltage power line
2. Measurements of model of high-voltage power line for no-load state
3. Measurements of model of high-voltage power line for short-circuit state
4. Parallel compensation
5. Serial compensation
6. Measurement asymmetrical load