Course detail

Lighting Technology

FEKT-MKC-SVTAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course deals with the basics of lighting technology. Photometric and radiant variables and their interrelationships are explained, the spectrum of optical radiation properties of eye system and vision, color measurement and color rendering index. Next the principles of light generation, the main types of light sources are explained. Principles are explained in detail and construction of incandescent light sources, linear and compact fluorescent lamps, sodium lamps, mercury vapor lamp, metal halide and LED sources. Next the main features of the other light sources, such as induction lamps, xenon lamps and sulfur lamps are explained.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

The student who select the subject should be able to explain the basic laws of electric circuits, should have knowledge of basic electrical quantities measurements. General knowledge is required at the level of bachelor's degree, but it is advisable to have completed a course Energy use (BUEE).

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

up to 24 points per laboratory protocols
up to 16 points for the progress tests of knowledge
up to 60 points for the final exam, which is focused on an overview of issues. The exam is form of a test on a computer with an oral supplement in the event of deficiencies.
Laboratory teaching of the course is compulsory, properly excused absences can be arranged with the teacher, usually replace to last week or the following week, unless the teaching is divided into multiple groups.


The aim of the course is to provide students with information on lighting technology as part of the most common appliances of electricity. In this course students learn the basics of lighting technology, the necessary photometry theory, basic information about components for lighting, measurement principles of light from light, principles of light generation and light sources.
Graduate of this course is able to:
- Describe the basic physics of light,
- Explain the principles of light generation,
- Explain the nature of vision and the visual system functions,
- Explain methods for disturbing glare evaluation,
- Explain the differences in trichromatic coordinate systems for the evaluation of color
- List the main electric light sources
- Connect the discharge light source into the circuit electrical network
- Measure the basic photometric equipments
- Explain the operating principles of fluorescent lamps, LEDs,
- Name the properties to the light source.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Habel, J, Dvořáček, K., Dvořáček, V.,Žák, P.: Světlo a osvětlování, FCC Public s.r.o., Praha 2013, ISBN 978-80-86534-21-3

Recommended reading

Not applicable.


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MKC-EEN Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
  • Programme MKC-SVE Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction to lighting theory, basic quantities and their relations
2. Relations among quantities, basic laws of light propagation
3. Light and vision, human eye, limits of vision, vision defects
4. Contrast, critical detail, eye recognition ability
5. Limits of vision, discomfort glare and its evaluation
6. Colour properties of light, trichromatic systems
7. Normalized light sources, spectrophotometric a spectroradiometri measurements, colour rendering index
8. Spectral and integral material properties , the propagation of light at the interface of two media
9. Light measurement, laboratory measurements of luminous intensity, luminance and lamps efficiency, illuminance measurement
10. Principles of light generation, electric lamp classification, history of lightsources, incandescent light sources
11. Discharge lamps, fluorescent lamps, sodium low and high pressure discharge lamps, high presure mercury lamps and metal halide lamps
12. Induction lamps, discharges with short arc, other lamp types, introduction to the LED technology
13. LED properties, application possibilities, relation to the visual and non-visual effect of the light.

Fundamentals seminar

14 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Measurement of luminance and its distribution
Measurement of luminous intensity with comparing method
Evaluation of properties of illuminance meter cosine correction
Verifying of inverse square law
Measurement of light spectral properties
Measurement of colour properties of materials
Measurement of luminous intensity curves of small light sources
Measurement of voltage to luminous flux dependences
Measurement of display devices and their colour properties
Measurement of light chromaticity and voltage influences
Measurement of spectral properties of light-guide fibres
Measurement of directional reflection of materials for miniature luminaires
Measurement of luminous flux oscillation