Course detail

Structure and Properties of Materials

FEKT-MPA-SVMAcad. year: 2023/2024

Amorphous and crystalic state of materials. Microstructure and macrostructure of electrotechnical materials. Crystallography characterization. Complex permittivity; Inorganic dielectric, glass for electrotechnics. Electrotechnical ceramics. Plastics for electrotechnics. Ferroelectrics. Piezoelektrics. Electrets. Compounds materials. Semiconductor materials. Hall effect. Thermo-electric effect. Peltier effect. Magnetic condition of materials. Soft-magnetic and hard-magnetic materials.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Knowledge of electrical materials on the level of the bachelor's course Materials and technical documentation.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

up to 40 points during the semester (15 points from laboratory seminars and 25 points from written test)
up to 60 points from written final exam
Final exam is focused on verification of knowledge and orientation in the field of electrical materials.
Obligatory participation in teaching.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the mutual relation of composition and structure of materials on their properties and approaches to regulation of materials properties. The knowledge of these relation enables to design optimal sorts of materials for electrical, electronic and microelectronic manufacturing and applications in related technical and scientific branches.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
- classify electrical materials from the point of view of their properties and usage,
- explain nature of physical phenomena that take place in the structure of electrical materials,
- describe physical phenomena that take place in the electrical materials mathematically,
- describe mutual relation between composition and structure of materials and resulting properties and possibilities of controlling of these properties,
- project optimal kinds of materials for production of electrical, electronic and microelectronic devices, as well as for applications in related technical and scientific fields.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Nelson, S.: Dielectric Properties of Agricultural Materials and their Applications, Elsevier Books 2015, ISBN: 0128023058 (EN)
Reis, M.: Fundamentals of Magnetism, Elsevier Books 2013, ISBN: 0124055451 (EN)

Recommended reading

Askeland, D., R.: The Science and Engineering of Materials, Boston, 1994, ISBN 0-534-93423-4 (EN)
Hippel, A.: Dielectric materials and Applications, Artech House Boston, 1995, ISBN 0890068054 (EN)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPA-MEL Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme MPAD-MEL Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Composition, structure and properties of materials. Approaches to regulation of materials properties.
Non-traditional and heat-resistant plastics. Conducting composites.
Glass for electronics. Glass cements. Sintered glasses. Glass crystalline materials.
Ceramic for electronics. Ceramic superconductors. Piezoelectrics.
Compound semiconductors.
Amorphous semiconductors. Organic semiconductors. Semiconducting films.
Magnetic metal glasses. Materials for magnetic recording.
Materials for optoelectronics. Fibre optics.
High-purity materials for electronic and other purposes.
High-vacuum materials.
Materials for conversion of energy. Storage materials.
Bio-materials and bio-compatibility.
Materials and working environment.

Fundamentals seminar

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Solving problems in:
Composition and structure of organic and inorganic materials.
Properties of dielectrics, semiconductors and magnetic materials in electric, magnetic and thermic fields.
Piezoelectric properties of matter.
Optical properties of matter.
Compatibility of inorganic, organic and biological materials.

Laboratory exercise

14 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1) Properties of semiconductors in magnetic and thermic fields.
2) Electrical properties of dielectric and conducting composites.
3) Dielectric properties of ferroelectrics.
4) Properties of piezoelectric elements.
5) Temperature and frequency dependance of magnetic properties in ferro- and ferrimagnetics.
6) Losses of energy in dielectric and magnetic materials.