Course detail

Materials for Electrotechnics

FEKT-BPC-MPEAcad. year: 2023/2024

The subject provides basic knowledge in the field of materials for electrotechnics and electronics. The subject familiarizes students with the basic concepts, classification and distribution of substances. The main focus is on metallic conductors, semiconductors, dielectrics and magnetics materials.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

The subject knowledge on the secondary school level is required.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Requirements for successful completion of the subject are specified by guarantor’s regulation updated for every academic year.
Attendance in seminars is compulsory. Excused seminars can be made up.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with materials for electrical and electronic engineering, with their classification and with their important properties. This information enables basic orientation in selection of materials for constructions of electrotechnical and electronic devices and equipments.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
- be knowledgeable in electronic and electrical materials,
- classify electrical materials according to electric conductivity and behavior in electric and magnetic fields,
- describe typical properties and parameters of particular categories of electrical materials and links between these properties and material structure and composition,

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature


Recommended reading

Andre Moliton, Solid-State Physics for Electronics, ISBN 978-1-118-62324-4 (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPC-AUD Bachelor's

    specialization AUDB-TECH , 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

  • Programme BPC-EKT Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
  • Programme BPC-MET Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
  • Programme BPC-TLI Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



14 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Materials for electrical and electronic engineering. Composition, structure and regulation of the material`s properties. Crystalline and amorphous matters.
2. Metallic materials. Conducting and resistive materials. Solders, materials for electric contacts, thermoelements, fuses. Superconductors.
3. Semiconductor materials. Elementary and compound semiconductors, organic semiconductors. Intrinsic semiconductors.
4. Extrinsic semiconductors. Semiconductor type N and P. Degenerated semiconductor. Thermodynamic equilibrium in semiconductors. Semiconductor conductivity.
5. Organic and inorganic insulating materials. Dielectric polarization and electrical conductivity. Dielectric materials. Piezoelectric, electrets. Losses in dielectrics.
6. Materials magnetically soft and magnetically hard. Fero and ferromagnetic materials, powder materials. Losses in magnetic materials.
7. Materials for the production of printed circuits. Substrate materials. Plating materials. Methods of production of printed circuits. Solders.