Course detail

Diagnostic Methods and Testing

FEKT-BPC-DIZAcad. year: 2023/2024

Fundamental concepts and methods in diagnostics. Electrical, mechanical testing of materials and devices. Tests of climatic resistance. Destructive and non destructive testing. Microscopic, spectroscopic and diffractometry methods - principles and usage. Evaluation and verification of diagnostics analyses. Diagnostics and testing. Principles and organization of testing stations in Czech Rep., testing in laws of Czech Rep.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Knowledge of physics and mathematics on the secondary level of education.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

up to 40 points during the semester (20 points from laboratory seminars and 20 points from individual work and its presentation)
up to 60 points from written final exam
Final exam is focused on verification of knowledge and orientation in the field of diagnostics methods and organization of testing.
Obligatory participation in excercises.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with basic concepts and methods from the field of diagnostic of electrical materials and devices, with principles and organization of testing stations in Czech Rep. Students will be familiar with electrical and mechanical tests, safety tests and tests of climatic resistance. Students will receive essential information about physical methods for evaluation of a structure and composition of observed subjects.
At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
- explain basic terms and methods in the field of diagnostics of electrical materials and equipments,
- be knowledgeable in basic physical methods for determination of structure and composition of diagnostic materials,
- describe principles and organization of testing in Czech republic,
- describe electrical and mechanical tests of materials and electrical equipments, electrical safety tests and tests of climate resistance,
- choose and apply suitable diagnostics method in practice.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Jirák, J., Havlíček, S., Rozsívalová, Z.: Diagnostika a zkušebnictví. Elektronické texty, Brno 2002. (CS)
Frank,L.,Král,J.: Metody analýzy povrchů. Iontové, sondové a speciální metody. Academia, Praha, 2002 (CS)
Measurements and their uncertainties : a practical guide to modern error analysis, Ifan G. Hughes ; Thomas P. A Hase ; Oxford : Oxford University Press ; 2010 (EN)

Recommended reading

Connor,D.J., Sexton,B.A., Smart,R.C.: Surface analysis methods in materials science, Springer Verlag Berlin, 2003 (EN)
REIMER, Ludwig.: Scanning electron microscopy: physics of image formation and microanalysis. 2nd completely rev. and updated ed. New York: Springer, c1998. ISBN 3540639764. (CS)
ECKERTOVÁ, Ludmila a Luděk FRANK, ed.: Metody analýzy povrchů: elektronová mikroskopie a difrakce. Praha: Academia, 1996. ISBN 8020003290. (CS)
STOKES, Debbie.: Principles and practice of variable pressure/environmental scanning electron microscopy (VP-ESEM). 1. Chichester, U.K.: John Wiley & Sons, 2008, 221 s. ISBN 9780470065402. (CS)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPC-MET Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme BPC-SEE Bachelor's, 3. year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1) Fundamental concepts of technical diagnostics, survey of methods. Tecnical diagnostics in practise. Selection of a method of technical diagnostics.
2) Electrical measuring methods in diagnostics of semiconductor materials and structures. Methods for setting of concentration and concentration profiles of dopants.
3) DC and AC measuring methods in diagnostics of insulator systems. HV tests, evaluation of tests.
4) Safety tests of electrical devices. Climatic tests, mechanical tests of electrical devices and equipments.
5) Tests of mechanical properties - survey of methods. Hardness tests. Methods of acoustic and electromagnetic diagnostics.
6) Diagnostics and testing. Obligations of producers, importers and distributors at introducing of products to market. Conformity assesment of products.
7) Physical methods for setting of structure and composition of materials, material systems and structures. Methods based on scanning probe, secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). Sensitivity and resolution of methods.
8) Survey of methods of optical microscopy. Methods for measurement of thin layer thickness.
9) Scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Diagnostics on bases of detection of individual signals.
10) Special methods of scanning electron microscopy. Voltage contrast, magnetic contrast, EBIC, low energy and low vacuum electron microscopy.
11) Diffraction methods. X-ray diffraction, electron and neutron diffraction methods.
12) Spectroscopy methods, atom and molecule spectroscopy. Absorption, emission, X-ray and electron spectroscopy. Mass spectroscopy.
13) Evaluation of results of a measurement. Measurement errors, parameters of accuracy.

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


DC methods in diagnostics of electroinsulating systems.
AC methods in diagnostics of electroinsulating systems.
Work at HV laboratory. HV testing. 2 weeks.
Safety tests of electrical devices. Tests of climatic resistance of electrical devices.
Measuring on semiconductor materials. Methods for evaluation of concetration of acceptor and donor impurities. 2 weeks.
Tests of mechanical properties. Hardness tests. 2 weeks.
Work with optical microscope, its usage.
Work with transmission electron microscope.
Work with scanning electron microscope.
X ray microanalysis with energy dispersive microanalyzer.