Course detail

Physics 1

FEKT-BPA-FY1Acad. year: 2023/2024

The course Physics 1 deals at first with basis of particle mechanics. Gained knowledge is used to study the influence of physical fields on particle motion. Significant part of the subject is focused on electric and magnetic fields, their formation, laws and mutual nature leading to the concept of electromagnetic field and Maxwell’s equations.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Offered to foreign students

Of all faculties

Entry knowledge

Within the scope of standard secondary school requirements students should
have knowledge of basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to explain basic principles and laws of mechanics , electricity and magnetism,
be able to apply basic laws of mechanics to simple motion of particles, to apply laws of electricity and magnetism to simple electric circuits.

Mathematical requirements:
Students should be able to discuss basic concepts of secondary school algebra and geometry, to calculate linear equations and to apply basic goniometric functions.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Study evaluation is based on marks obtained for specified items.
Final classification – max. 100 pts.
Laboratories up to 20 pts. (6 laboratory measurements and tests, final test)
Seminars up to 15 pts. (2 written tests)
For obtaining the credit it is necessary to measure out and to evaluate the given number of experimental problems and to gain at least 12 points.
Up to 65 pts.
Exam has written form, it consists of the test with selection questions, a theoretical part and examples. To pass the exam it is necessary to gain at least 6 points in theoretical part and in examples.
Attendance in seminars is compulsory. Excused seminars can be made up.
The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.


The main objectives are: to provide the students with clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, and to strengthen an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.
Graduates in the subject are able to
define concepts of mechanics and dynamics of mass point, and of electric and magnetic fields by means of differential and integral calculus,
describe basic laws and principles of above mentioned area,
discuss conditions for application of laws of mechanics, electricity and magnetism, explain their mutual relations, distinguish the proper form of rules in selected area,
apply knowledge of studied principles in mutual connections, classify forces in electric and magnetic fields and calculate simple trajectories of charged particles,
practice theoretical laws in physical laboratories,
compare and analyze laws of electric and magnetic fields, clarify their mutual nature, explain electromagnetic field described by Maxwell’s equations.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Halliday, D.; Resnick, R.; Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics Extended, 8th ed. 2008, John Willey & Sons, Inc. (CS)
Halliday, D.; Resnick, R.; Walker J.: Fundamentals of Physics, 6th ed. 2001, John Willey & Sons, Inc. (CS)

Recommended reading

Hyperphysics: (EN)
Serway R.,A, Jewett J,W: Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics, 8 th Edition, Saunders College Publishing, 2010 (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPA-ELE Bachelor's

    specialization BPA-PSA , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Fundamentals of particle mechanics. 2. Equation of motion and its applications. Klimits. Work, energy, power. Conservation laws. Collisions. 3. Gravitational, gravitational and electrostatic fields. 4. Electric charge, Coulomb's law. Electric field strength, field lines. Point charge and dipole in electric field. 5. Gaussian law of electrostatics and its applications. 6. Electric potential and voltage. 7. Capacitance. Energy of the electrostatic field. Electrostatic field in dielectrics. 8. Electric current, continuity equation. Electrical resistance. Conduction of current in substances 9. Magnetic field induced by current, Biot-Savart law, magnetic induction lines. 10. Ampere's law of total current. Force action of magnetic field. 11. Faraday's law of induction. Coils and inductance. Alternating currents. 12. Gauss's law for magnetic field. Magnetic field in substances. 13. Maxwell's equations in integral and differential form for vacuum and for dielectrics. 


Fundamentals seminar

7 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Equation of motion, conservation laws in mechanics, collisions.
Electric field. Gauss' law of electrostatics.
Magnetic field generated by electric current, Ampere's law. Force action of magnetic field.
Gauss' law for magnetic field. Faraday's induction law. 

Exercise in computer lab

6 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Motion of a mass point particle in homogenous gravitational field.
Electrostatic field modelling - electric field and potential.
Motion of charged particles in stationary magnetic field. 


Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


The rules of work in the laboratory. Evaluation and presentation of measurements.
Determination of the moment of inertia. Conservation laws for angular momentum and mechanical energy.
Gravitational acceleration - Reversion pendulum.
Speed of light.
Elementary charge.
Temperature dependence of resistance of metals and semiconductors. Thermistor.
Magnetic field around a conductor. Force action of the magnetic field.
Magnetic properties of materials.
Hall's effect.
Absorption of light.
Polarized light, interference of light, laser.
Seminar, seminar work presentation.