Course detail

Electroacoustics 1

FEKT-BPC-ELAAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course focuses on propagation of sound through the environment, basic quantities and relationships of the sound field, physiological and psychological acoustics, directional and spatial hearing, effect of noise on humans and its measurement, structure and use of sound level meter, acoustics of enclosed spaces, measurement of reverberation time and impulse response of space, fundamentals of electromechanical and electroacoustic analogies, types and principles of operation of electroacoustic transducers, microphones, loudpeakers and headphones and their practical implementation and measurement of characteristics, loudspeaker systems and sound reinforcement in small rooms and large spaces, stereophonic and multi-channel reproduction. The numerical exercises are focused on the calculations of acoustic quantities and their levels and the addition of acoustic pressure of coherent and incoherent sound waves. Laboratory exercises are focused on practical measurements of the loudness of sound sources, room acoustics, properties and characteristics of electroacoustic devices, and the design and measurement of loudspeaker system. 

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

The knowledge of basic physical laws is required as well as the knowledge of laws and quantities in electrical circuits, characteristics of electric circuit elements, circuit behaviour with inertia elements, periodical and non-periodical signal spectra, random variables and basic terms from the area of statistics. Students who enrol on the course should be able to use instruments for the measurement of electrical voltage, current, and resonant frequency, waveform generators, and oscilloscopes.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Evaluation of study results follow the BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations and Dean's Regulation complementing the BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations. Up to 22 points are awarded for the tests in theoretical knowledge in the exercises. Up to 18 points can be obtained for correct results and elaboration of all laboratory exercises. Credit is awarded for completing all laboratory tasks and numeric exercises in the minimal scope. The minimal scope of the elaboration of a particular laboratory exercise are specified by a regulation issued by the guarantor of the course and updated for every academic year. Up to 40 points are given for the final written examination, and it is necessary to get at least 25 points for its successful completion. Up to 20 points are given for the final oral examination and it is necessary to get at least 25 points for its successful completion.
In the case of distance learning, tests in practice are performed remotely in e-learning and laboratory excercises are replaced by homework evaluated with the same number of points. The exam will take place in person, in justified cases remotely.
It is obligatory to undergo all laboratory exercises in regular or alternative terms to complete the course. Other forms of checked instruction are specified by a regulation issued by the guarantor of the course and updated for every academic year.


The aim of the course is to make students familiar with the chain of processing acoustic signals from their origination through their transformation into electric signals and back to acoustic signals up to the listener's final perception.
On completion of the course, students are able to:
- enumerate the basic acoustic quantities and their units,
- explain the physiology of hearing, including binaural auditory perception,
- employ sound level meters and use them for noise and electro-acoustic measurements,
- describe room acoustic properties, demonstrate the measurement of room impulse response and reverberation time, enumerate materials and structures used for modifying the room acoustics
- categorize electro-acoustic transducers and state their principles, properties and use,
- categorize microphones, state their properties and designs, and demonstrate the measurement of their characteristics,
- describe the properties of designs used for unloaded and loaded loudspeakers, measure and calculate their parameters,
- design loudspeaker systems and measure their characteristics,
- enumerate the types of surround sound systems and describe their principle.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

SCHIMMEL, J. Elektroakustika. Elektroakustika. Brno, Vysoké učení technické v Brně. 2013. p. 1 - 167. ISBN 978-80-214-4716-5. (CS)
Škvor, Z., Akustika a elektroakusitka. Academia, Praha, 2001. ISBN 80-200-0461-0 (CS)
Smetana, C. a kol. Hluk a vibrace, měření a hodnocení. Sdělovací technika, Praha 1998. ISBN 80-90-1936-2-5 (CS)

Recommended reading

Sýkora, B. Stavíme reproduktorové soustavy, 1. – 48. díl. A Radio 10/97 - 9/2001 (CS)
Toman, K. Reproduktory a reprosoustavy, 1. díl. Dexon, 2003. (CS)
Eargle, J. The Microphone Book. 2004. ISBN 0-240-51961-2 (CS)
Colloms, M., High Performance Loudspeakers, 6th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005. ISBN 978-0-470094-30-3 (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme IT-BC-3 Bachelor's

    branch BIT , 2. year of study, winter semester, elective

  • Programme BIT Bachelor's, 2. year of study, winter semester, elective

  • Programme BPC-AUD Bachelor's

    specialization AUDB-ZVUK , 3. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
    specialization AUDB-TECH , 3. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

  • Programme BPC-EKT Bachelor's, 3. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme BPC-TLI Bachelor's, 3. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. Sound waves: sound propagation, sound field quantities, wave equation of sound propagation, basic types of sound waves, types of sound fields.
  2. Physiological and psychological acoustics: auditory organ, subjective perception of sound waves, sound masking and its use for lossy sound coding, directional and spatial hearing.
  3. Measurement of acoustic quantities: time and frequency weighting filters, constante percentace bandwidth analysis, statistical analysis, noise measurement, loudness measurement.
  4. Sound level meter: construction of the sound level meter and the function of its individual parts, calibration of the measuring chain, measurement uncertainty.
  5. Room acoustics: propagation of sound in the environment, solution of the wave equation in a closed space, modeling of acoustic spaces, reverberation time and its measurement, room impulse response and its measurement, acoustic structures.
  6. Electromechanical and electroacoustic analogy: mechanical translation systems, acoustic systems.
  7. Electromechanical transducers: transducer as a system, transducers using electrostatic and electromagnetic fields.
  8. Microphones: acoustic receivers, directional receivers, model of microphone, construction of microphones, electrical interface of microphones, parameters of microphones and their measurements.
  9. Loudspeakers: acoustic transmitters, electrodynamic loudspeaker and its model, electrostatic, piezoelectric and ribbon direct radiating loudspeaker, indirect radiating loudspeakers, loudspeaker parameters and their measurements.
  10. Loudspeaker systems: semi-closed, closed and bass-reflex enclosures, band-pass type enclosures, loudspeaker crossovers, construction of loudspeaker systems, loudspeaker system parameters.
  11. Headphones: types of headphones, model of headphones and simulation of acoustic impedance of the ear, construction of headphones, parameters of headphones and their measurements.
  12. Basics of sound system design: sound systems for small rooms, stereophonic and multi-channel reproduction, surround sound and immersive audio, sound systems for large spaces, acoustic feedback and its suppression. 

Fundamentals seminar

4 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  • Logarithmic quantities, sound waves 
  • Addition and subtraction of levels of acoustic quantities

Laboratory exercise

22 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  • Getting familiar with the laboratory, work with Excel, test from numerical exercises
  • Task No. 1 – Noise measurement
  • Task No. 2 – Measurement of reverberation time
  • Task No. 3 – Measurement of microphone characteristics
  • Task No. 4 – Measurement of headphone characteristics
  • Task No. 5 – Measurement of characteristics of communication devices
  • Task No. 6 – Measurement of speaker distortion
  • Task No. 7 – Measurement of TS parameters of loudspeaker
  • Task No. 8 – Design of a loudspeaker system
  • Task No. 9 – Measurement of loudspeaker systemcharacteristics
  • Alternate term for measurement, test from laboratory exercises 


13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  • Calculation of loudness  from measured values
  • Calculation of reverberation time from measured values
  • Calculation of parameters of studio microphone from measured values
  • Calculation of earphone from measured values
  • Calculation of headset parameters from measured values
  • Calculation of speaker distortion from measured values
  • Calculation of TS loudspeaker parameters from measured values
  • Calculation of the volume of the speaker enclosure and frequency crossover of the speaker system
  • Calculation of loudspeaker parameters from measured values