Course detail

Syntheses of Polymers

FCH-MC_SPLAcad. year: 2023/2024

Course"Syntheses of polymers" is focused to polymer production technologies. Students will managed technique of advanced radical, ionic, coordination and polycondensation reaction used for synthessis of polymers and methods of polymeranalogous reactioos. This course relate to previous "Laboratory course of macromolecular chemistry" with emphasis to advanced polymerization used especially in industrial scale and for morn research projects.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge of Macromolecular Chemistry.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Examination - write and oral part, credit and mark from laboratory classes.
Attendance on Lectures are recomended, credit is given after accomplishing all classes and protocols.


The aim of lecture is complex knowledge of advanced synthesis of polymers suitable for research and polymer industrial production.
Students acquired theoretical information about theory of polymerization reaction and experimentalpolymerization. Subject is focused to important precesses carried out on the industrial scale.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Braun. D., Polymer Synthesis: Theory and Practice, Verlag 2001 (CS)

Recommended reading

Sandler S. R., Karo W., Polymer Syntheses, Elsevier 1993 (CS)
Grubbs, R. H., Handbook of Methathesis, Wiley 2015 (CS)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme NKCP_CHTM Master's, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory
  • Programme NPCP_CHTM Master's, 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

  • Programme NPCP_CHTMS Master's

    specialization --- , 1. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Lecture Polymer syntheses:
1. Methods and techniques for synthesis of polymers
2. Synthesis of polymers by addition polymerization
3.-4. Radical homopolymerization – initiation with peroxocompounds, azo-, redox, fotopolymerization
5. Ring opening polymerization, metathesis
6. Cationic and anionic polymerization
7. ZN catalyst polymerization, metallocene
8. Copolymerization – random, alternating, block, graft
9. -10. Condensation polymerization – polyesters and polycarbonates, polyamides, condensates with formaldehyde, cond. Silicones, polyarylethery etc.
11.-12. Stepwise addition polymerization – polyurethanes, epoxides, add. silicones,
13. Modification and crosslinkong of polymers, reacitve extrusion process
Laboratory Polymer Syntheses:
1. Ring opening polymerization (ROP) of oktametylcyklotetrasiloxane a preparation of silicon rubbers, condensation reaction with tetraethysilicate
2. Bulk polymerisation of THF using SbCl5
3. Radical copolymerisation of styrene with divinylbenzene in aqueous suspension
4. Polymerisation of acrylamide using redox initiation system in aqueous solution
5. Vulcanisation of SBR with S2Cl2
6. Preparation of poly(alfa-hydroxoacids), polymerisation of glycolide or L-lactide
7. Preparation of polycarbonate by reesterification
8. Bulk polymerisation of caprolactame by anionic initiation
9. Hydrolytic polymerisation of caprolactame
10. Preparation of polyethylenesulfide rubber
11. Preparation of epoxide and influence of preparation conditions on Tg
12. Vulcanisation of SBR using S2Cl2

Guided consultation in combined form of studies

26 hours, obligation not entered

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

52 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer