Course detail

Mathematical Structures

FSI-SSR-AAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course will familiarise students with basic concepts and results of the theory of mathematical structures. A number of examples of concrete structures which students know from previously passed mathematical subjects will be used to demonstrate the exposition.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Students are expected to know the following subjects taught within the bachelor's study programme: Mathermatical Analysis I-III, Functional Analysis, both Linear and General Algebra, and Methods of Discrete Mathematics. Concerning the the master's study programme, knowledge of Graph Theory is required.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The course is completed with an exam. Students' knowledge will be assessed based on a writen test and oral exam.

Since the attendance at lectures is not compulsory, it will not be checked, and compensation of possible absence will not be required.


The aim of the course is to show the students possibility of a unified perspective on seemingly different mathematical subjects and constructions.

Students will acquire the ability of viewing different mathematical structures and constructions from a unique, categorical point of view. This will help them to realize new relationships and links between different branches of mathematics. The students will also be able to apply their knowledge of the theory of mathematical structures, e.g. in computer science.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Jiří Adámek, Theory of Mathematical Structures, D. Reidel Publ. Company, Dordrecht, 1983. (EN)
A.Adámek, H.Herrlich. G.E.Strecker: Abstract and Concrete Categories, John Willey & Sons, New York, 1990 (EN)
Steve Awodey: Category Theory, Oxford University Press Inc. 2006. (EN)

Recommended reading

Jiří Adámek, Matematické struktury a kategorie, SNTL Praha, 1982 (CS)
H.Herrlich. G.E.Strecker: Category Theory, Allyn and Bacon Inc., Boston 1973 (EN)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-AIM-A Master's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory
  • Programme N-MAI-A Master's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory
  • Programme N-MAI-P Master's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Sets and classes
2. Mathematical structures
3. Isomorphisms
4. Fibres
5. Subobjects
6. Quotient objects
7. Free objects
8. Initial structures
9. Final structures
10.Cartesian product
11.Cartesian completeness
13.Reflection and coreflection