Course detail

Theory of Energy Transformation, Power Units

FSI-QTSAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course introduces students to the theory of propulsion units with a focus on the thermodynamics of working cycles, combustion, and heat transfer. The theory of energy transformation is included.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Prerequisites and co-requisites The student must have knowledge corresponding to subjects of theoretical basis of bachelor study in the field of engineering education, especially thermodynamics and Heat Transfer.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The credit is conditional on active participation in the exercises, proper preparation of the elaborations and fulfilling the conditions of any control test. The examination verifies the knowledge acquired in lectures and exercises, is written, including a test in e-learning, and may have an oral part verifying knowledge after the written part.

Classes are compulsory, attendance is checked by the teacher. The form of substitution of lessons missed for serious reasons and in exceptional cases is solved individually with the course supervisor.


To provide knowledge for practical and theoretical, experimental and scientific activities in the field of power units, especially for motor vehicles.

Students learn individual concepts from the theory of power units, get acquainted with basic systems of power units, determination of their characteristic dimensions, and gain knowledge of computational models of these systems.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

TAYLOR, Charles Fayette. The internal-combustion engine in theory and practice. 2nd ed., rev. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1985. ISBN 978-0-262-20051-6. (EN)
CATON, J. A. An introduction to thermodynamic cycle simulations for internal combustion engines. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley, [2015]. ISBN 978-111-9037-569. (EN)
HIERETH, Hermann a P. H. W. PRENNINGER. Charging the internal combustion engine. New York: Springer, c2007. ISBN 978-3-211-33033-3. (EN)
ÇENGEL, Yunus A. a Michael A. BOLES. Thermodynamics an engineering approach. 8. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2015, 1115 s. ISBN 978-0-07-339817-4. (EN)

INCROPERA, Frank, David DEWITT, Theodore BERGMAN a Adrienne LAVINE. Principles of heat and mass transfer. 7th ed., international student version. Singapore: John Wiley, c2013, xxiii, 1048 s. ISBN 978-0-470-64615-1.


Recommended reading

STONE, Richard. Introduction to internal combustion engines. 4th ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, c2012. ISBN 978-0-230-57663-6. (EN)
MACEK, Jan. Spalovací motory. 2. vyd. V Praze: České vysoké učení technické, 2012. ISBN 978-80-01-05015-6. (CS)
KIRKPATRICK, Allan T. a Colin R. FERGUSON. Internal combustion engines: applied thermosciences. Third. United Kingdom: John Wiley, 2016. ISBN 978-1-118-53331-4. (EN)
HIERETH, Hermann a P. H. W. PRENNINGER. Charging the internal combustion engine. New York: Springer, c2007. ISBN 978-3-211-33033-3. (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-ADI-P Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. History of the development and distribution of power units. Fundamentals of thermodynamics of working gas cycles.
  2. Theory of thermal gas cycles (ideal and theoretical).
  3. Cycles of a two-stroke internal combustion engine. Characteristics of internal combustion engines, measurements, and their applications. Energy conversions, the efficiency of propulsion systems.
  4. Fuels for internal combustion engines, combustion, thermochemistry. Hydrogen.
  5. Indication of internal combustion engines, measurement of power unit parameters.
  6. Combustion engine emissions, theory of formation, measurement, methods of emission reduction, emission regulations.
  7. Real combustion engine cycles. Modeling of real combustion engine cycles.
  8. Regulation of internal combustion engines. Supercharging of internal combustion engines.
  9. Modeling of turbocharging of internal combustion engines.
  10. Cylinder charge replacement.
  11. External and internal mixture preparation of spark ignition engines.
  12. Diesel engine mixture preparation.
  13. Theory of ignition, lubrication, and cooling of engines.

    Translated with DeepL

Laboratory exercise

20 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. Rules of work in laboratories and measurements of internal combustion engines. Safety rules.
  2. Testing of internal combustion engines.
  3. Measurements on the cylinder test bench.
  4. External speed characteristics.
  5. Measurement of emissions.
  6. Indications.
  7. Detonation combustion.
  8. Optimization of richness, ignition advance.
  9. Emission measurements.
  10. Mechanical and volume efficiency.

Computer-assisted exercise

6 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. Basic MATLAB calculations of internal combustion engine cycles.
  2. Introduction to the GT-SUITE environment and access to 0D and 1D modeling
  3. Modelling of real cycles in the GT-SUITE environment.