Course detail

Simmulation in Automotive Industry

FSI-QPAAcad. year: 2023/2024

The course is intended to introduce students to the most important contemporary computational models applied in the development of modern powertrains and motor vehicles. Emphasis is placed on the mathematical and physical basics of computational models and software tools, as well as the verification of computational modelling results by adequate experimental methods. The presented problematics includes applications of the finite element method in the analysis of deformation, stress, fatigue safety, temperature or contacts of motor vehicle components.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Knowledge of mathematics taught at the bachelor’s degree level and necessarily includes linear algebra (matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations etc.), differential and integral calculus and ordinary differential equations.
Knowledge of basic kinematics, dynamics and strength of materials.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The course-unit credit is conditioned by active participation in the seminars, proper preparation of the semester work, and fulfillment of the conditions of the control tests. The exam verifies the knowledge gained during lectures and seminars and is divided into a written theoretical part, part of the computational solution of lubrication, fluid flow and heat transfer, and an oral part. The exam considers the work of the student in the exercise. The student must score more than one-half of the total points for the successful completion of the test. An oral examination can test the student's knowledge of the subject and influence the final grade.

Exercises are compulsory, and the form of replacing the missed lessons is solved individually by the lecturer or with the course guarantor. Lectures are optional but strongly recommended.


The objective of the course is to familiarize students with contemporary computational models that are applied for solving various types of problems in the development of motor vehicles. The computational models are used to simulate linear and non-linear structural mechanics problems using the finite element method. This includes an introduction to the mathematical and physical nature of computational models and the presentation of these models through software tools.

The course will enable students to gain knowledge of contemporary computational models applied to structural mechanics of powertrains and motor vehicles. The acquired skills will enable students to perform analyses of strength of mechanical structures, heat conduction in solids, large deformations, body contacts or fast dynamic processes.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Basic literature

ZIENKIEWICZ, O.C. a R. L. TAYLOR. The finite element method: Volume 1: The Basics. Fifth edition. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000. ISBN 07-506-5049-4. (EN)
WELTY, J. R., WICKS, C. E., WILSON, R. E. & G. L. RORRER. Fundamentals of momentum, heat, and mass transfer. New York: Wiley, 5th ed., 2008. (EN)
STACHOWIAK, Gwidon W. a Andrew W. BATCHELOR. Engineering Tribology. 3. vyd. Boston: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005. ISBN 0-7506-7836-4. (EN)

Recommended reading

AHMAD S., IRONS, B. M. a O.C. ZIENKIEWICZ. Theory Reference. Southpointe: ANSYS, Inc. Release 2023 R2. (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme N-ADI-P Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. Introduction to computer simulations of structural mechanics in the automotive industry
  2. Component discrete models
  3. FEM in linear structural mechanics
  4. FEM applications in commercial programs
  5. Discretization methods for FEM
  6. Strength evaluation of motor vehicle components
  7. Fatigue damage assessment of components by FEM applications
  8. Solution of nonlinear problems and large deformations
  9. Modelling of body contact with FEM applications
  10. Modelling geometric and material nonlinearities with FEM applications
  11. Weld joint modelling for FEM applications
  12. Heat transfer modelling and FEM applications
  13. Modelling of transient dynamics with FEM

Computer-assisted exercise

39 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


  1. Preparation of geometric models of components I
  2. Preparation of geometric models of components II
  3. Beam elements in FEM
  4. Shells in FEM
  5. Discretization of volume models of components I
  6. Discretization of volume models of components II
  7. High-cycle fatigue assessment in FEM
  8. Low-cycle fatigue assessment in FEM
  9. Contact of powertrain components
  10. Directional stiffness of powertrain components
  11. Weld joint assessment
  12. Thermo-mechanical and transient thermal FEM analysis
  13. Test in the form of a practical application of FEM program