Course detail

Thermal Machines

FSI-LZ2Acad. year: 2023/2024

The course deepens knowledge in the field of thermal machines gained in the courses Fundamentals of Power Engineering and Thermomechanics and introduces the application of basic physical laws especially for rotary thermal machines (steam and gas turbines) and marginally also volume thermal machines that are used in power engineering. Calculating procedures of elementary turbine and compressor stage, construction of different types of thermal machines, its operating characteristics including testing and operation are discussed

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Knowledge of Fundamentals of Power Engineering and Thermomechanics.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

Credit requirements: active participation in seminars, submission of given project according to the set deadline.

Exam requirements: written part in the form of questions and numerical problems, oral part in the form of discussion on given topic.

Attendance at lectures is recommended, attendance at seminars is required. The lessons are planned on the basis of a weekly schedule. The way of compensation for an absence is fully at the discretion of the teacher.


The aim of the course is to familiarize students with common design features of various volumetric and rotary thermal machines, basic calculation methods and processes that take place in a real power machine.

Knowledge of engineering utilization of physical laws for construction, designing and calculation of volumetric and rotary thermal machines.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

DIXON, S. L. a C. A. HALL. Fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery. Seventh edition. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevier, 2014. ISBN 978-0-12-415954-9. (EN)
KADRNOŽKA, J. Lopatkové stroje. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2003, 177 s. ISBN 80-720-4297-1. (CS)

Recommended reading

FIEDLER, J. Parní turbíny: návrh a výpočet. Brno: Akademické nakladatelství CERM, 2004, 66 s. ISBN 80-214-2777-9. (CS)
HORLOCK, J. H. Advanced gas turbine cycles. Boston: [Pergamon], 2003. ISBN 0-08-044273-0. (EN)


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme B-ENE-P Bachelor's, 3. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Thermodynamic processes and principles, division of heat engines (volumetric and rotary)
2. Heat engines – steam engine
3. Heat engines – Stirling engine
4. Heat engines – combustion engine
5. Heat engines – steam turbine
6. Heat engines – gas (combustion) turbine
7. Steam turbine stage – choice of basic concept, division
8. Division and description of elementary stages
9. Basic equations of blade machines and losses in blade grids
10. Multistage steam turbines and specifics of the last stages in a steam turbine
11. Steam turbine construction
12. Design connection of steam turbine and auxiliary equipment
13. Steam turbine assembly and operation


26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


In the seminars the relevant topics discussed in lectures will be practised, especially in terms of practical application.