Course detail

Spectroscopic methods for non-destructive diagnostics

FEKT-DPC-FY2Acad. year: 2022/2023

The subject of the seminar are methods, dealing with the description, experimental investigation and localisation of defects. Main topics cover transport and stochastic processes, non-destructive diagnostics, noise diagnostics, partial discharges, acoustic emission, dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, microscopic techniques, spectroscopy, luminescence.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

After the course, students should be able to distiguish different types of transport processes, understand the physical mechanisms of fluctuation processes and the excess transport of carriers. They should also have an overview of basic diagnostic methods and should be able to choose and use appropriate diagnostic techniques to study a particular problem. Based on these tools, the students should be able to design and develop diagnostic methods for the individual particular applications.


MEng/MSc degree or equivalent in Electrical Engineering, Materials, Physics or Chemistry.


Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods depend on the type of course unit as specified in the article 7 of BUT Rules for Studies and Examinations.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

0-20 points project
0-80 points final exam

Course curriculum

1. Structure of solids, their description, classification, failure.
2. Transport processes in solids, generation and recombination.
3. Fluctuation processes.
4. Noise diagnostics.
5. Partial discharges in insulators, Acoustic emission, Electromagnetic emission.
6. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS).
7. Light microscopy. Optical microscopy, Confocal microscopy, Fluorescence microscopy, Infrared microscopy.
8. Electron microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray detection (EDS, WDS), surface modification (FIB, GIS), Environmental scanning electron microscopy.
9. Scanning probe microscopy. Atomic force microscopy, Scanning tunneling microscopy, Near-field scanning optical microscopy.
10. Infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy.
11. Infrared thermography, Luminescence (Photoluminescence, Electroluminescence, Thermoluminescence).
12. X-ray diffraction analysis, Neutron diffraction.
13. X-ray computed tomography, Nuclear magnetic resonance.

Work placements

Not applicable.


The objective of the course is the description and analysis, of transport, relaxation and stochastic mechanisms in solids. Students will learn the basic methods for study of these processes and with the basic methods of their measurement. The key objective of the seminar is, however, not so much a mere acquisition of theoretical and experimental finding but rather a deeper understanding of the physical nature of all three spectroscopic methods and the ability to use and develop these methods for practical applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Sze, S.M., NG, Kwok, K. Physics of Semiconductor Devices. 3rd edittion, Wiley, 2006. (EN)
Kittel, Ch.: Introduction to Solid State Physics. 7th ed. Wiley, 1996. (EN)
Frank, H.: Fyzika a technika polovodičů. SNTL, 1990. (CS)
Réfrégier, P.: Noise Theory and Application to Physics. From Fluctuations to Information. Springer, 2004. (EN)
Leng, Y.: Materials Characterization: Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods. Wiley, 2009, ISBN 978-0-470-82299-9. (EN)
Workman, J., Springsteen, A.: Applied Spectroscopy – A Compact Reference for Practitioners, Elsevier Inc., 1998, ISBN 978-0-12-764070-9. (EN)

Recommended reading

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme DPC-KAM Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-EKT Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-MET Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-SEE Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-TLI Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme DPC-TEE Doctoral, any year of study, summer semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer