Course detail

Medical Imaging Systems

FEKT-BPC-ZSLAcad. year: 2022/2023

The basic theory of imaging process and general quantitative evaluation of its quality. Fundamentals physical and technical aspects of structure specific imaging systems. Clinical application of medical imaging systems.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

After passing of the course student can describe all clinically used imaging systems. Student knows physical principles, constructional aspects and clinical use of different imaging systems.


Not applicable.


Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Not applicable.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. History of medical imaging and its development. Basic terms of medical imaging theory, 2D systems, image quality of imaging systems, basic qualitative and quantitative parameters.
2. Physical principles of medical imaging in general.
3. X-ray imaging systems - X-ray tube, detection of X-rays, construction of X-ray systems, image quality.
4. Fluoroscopy, mammography and other methods using the X-rays.
5. Computed tomography (CT) - introduction, image reconstruction, historical development of CT systems.
6. CT systems - construction, helical CT, multi-slice CT, dual-energy CT.
7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - physical principle of nuclear magnetic resonance, basic experiments, Bloch's equations.
8. MRI - pulse sequences, hardware of MRI scanner.
9. Nuclear medicine imaging - differences between emission and transmission imaging, planar gamagraphy, Anger camera.
10. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) - definition, image reconstruction, attenuation correction, image quality.
11. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) - definition, coincidence detection, attenuation correction. Hybrid systems - PET/CT, SPECT/CT, PET/MRI.
12. Ultrasound imaging - physics of ultrasound, wave equation, imaging modes.
13. Medical imaging using electromagnetic radiation in visible light - endoscopy and infrared part of spectrum - thermography.

Work placements

Not applicable.


Introduce students with physical and technical principles the most important medical imaging systems.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Drastich,A.: Netelevizní zobrazovací systémy. Skriptum FEI VUT v Brně, 2001 (CS)
Drastich,A.: Tomografické zobrazovací systémy. Skriptum FEKT VUT v Brně, 2004 (CS)
Bushberg, J.T., Seibert, J. A., Leidhotl, E.M.jr., Boone J.M.: The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging, third edition. Wolters Kluwer - 2012. ISBN: 0781780578 (EN)
Mornstein, V. a kolektiv: Lékařská fyzika a biofyzika, MU Brno, 2018 (CS)
Vomáčka, J. a kolektiv: Zobrazovací metody pro radiologické asistenty, 2.vydání, Hanex Olomouc, 2015 (CS)

Recommended reading

Not applicable.


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPC-BTB Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, compulsory

  • Programme IT-BC-3 Bachelor's

    branch BIT , 2. year of study, summer semester, elective

  • Programme BIT Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, elective
  • Programme BIT Bachelor's, 2. year of study, summer semester, elective

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction, signal, imaging flow and its discretisation, data collection techniques.
2. General process of imaging, the basic of image data processing.
3. Conventional projection X-ray imaging systems.
4. Digital projection X-ray imaging systems.
5. CT X-ray imaging systems: the principles of construction, the principles of image reconstruction.
6. CT X-ray imaging systems: feature evaluation and trends of development.
7. MRI imaging systems: signal, basic of magnetic resonance, the principles of construction.
8. MRI imaging systems: the principles of image reconstruction, feature evaluation.
9. Planar gammagraphy: the principles of construction, image syntheses, feature evaluation.
10. SPECT: the principles of construction, image syntheses, feature evaluation.
11. PET: signal, the principles of construction, image syntheses, feature evaluation.
12. Ultrasound imaging systems: signal, the principles of construction, image syntheses, feature evaluation.
13. Alternative imaging systems.

Laboratory exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


1. The human eye as an imaging system. Feature evaluation.
2. The simulation of image presentation and image discrimination.
3. The simulation of image distortions.
4. The simulation of the basic image processing.
5. The simulation of projection reconstruction process.
6. The simulation of magnetic resonance effect.