Course detail

Analog technology

FEKT-BPA-ANAAcad. year: 2022/2023

Basic applications: passive RC and LCR circuits, basic circuits with diodes, bipolar and unipolar transistors, with opamps and conveyors, OTA, comparators and timers. Further applications: linear and non-linear operational circuits, active filters, signal generators, wideband amplifiers, power amplifiers, supply sources, analog switches and samplers with memory, analog circuits for DAC and ADC, measuring circuits.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Offered to foreign students

Of all faculties

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The nature of the subject will make it possible to acquire a practical approach to the design of analog circuits of most diverse types.


Knowledge on the level of the fundamentals of electrical engineering is required.


Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Requirements for completion of a course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every.

Course curriculum

1. Basic building blocks of analog circuits.
2. Internal structures of analog integrated circuits.
3. Parameters of analog integrated ircuits.
4. Linear circuits with OAs, CCs and OTAs.
5. Circuits with frequency-dependent feedback loop.
6. Passive RLC filters.
7. Active filters with OAs, CCs and OTAs.
8. Circuits with non-linear feedback loop.
9. Rectifiers with operational amplifiers.
10. Circuits with electronic switches (amplifiers, inverters, sample-and-hold circuits).
11. Comparators and their applications.
12. Generators of harmonic and non-harmonic waveforms.
13. Linear voltage stabilizers.

Work placements

Not applicable.


To obtain basic knowledge of applying analog technology in the broades sense, i.e. from simple building blocks with ddiodes, bipolar and unipolar transistors up to the application of integrated analog circuits in concrete applications

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The content and forms of instruction in the evaluated course are specified by a regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

TIETZE , U.; SCHENK, CH.: Electronic circuits - Design and applications. Springer, London 1999
SEDRA , A. S.; SMITH, K. C.: Microelectronic Circuits. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1998
WINDER , S.: Filter design. Bidless, Oxford 1998
RAUT, R.; Swamy, M.N.S.: Modern Analog Filter Analysis And Design, Wiley Verlag, 2005
FEUCHT, D.: Designing High - performance amplifiers. SciTech Publishing, 2010
KOTON, J.; HERENCSÁR, N. Analog Technology for joint teaching programme of BUT and VSB- TUO. 2014. s. 1-170.

Recommended reading

Not applicable.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BPA-ELE Bachelor's

    specialization BPA-ECT , any year of study, summer semester, elective

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Building elements of analog circuits: basic elements with diodes and reference diodes, amplifiers with bipolar and unipolar transistors, reference sources of voltage and current, current mirrors.
Inner structure of analog integrated circuits: difference amplifier, elementary connection of operational amplifier, instrumentsl, electric, wideband and impulse operational amplifiers, current and voltage conveyors.
Wideband amplifiers: frequency dependence of current apmlifier factor, effect of outer and parasitic transistor capacitances, cascade amplifier, difference amplifier as a wideband amplifier, symmetrical wideband amplifier, wideband voltage follower, transimpedance amplifiers.
Emitter follower as a power amplifier, complementary emitter follower as a booster, terminal amplifiers with Darlington circuit and power MOS FETs.
Linear circuits:inverting, non-inverting, summing, subtracting and instrumental amplifiers, bridge systems, current sources. integrating amplifier and differential amplifiers, a.c. amplifiers.
Filters: passive RC and LRC circuits, various approximations of transfer function - lowpass, highpass and bandpass filters, notch filter, all-pass filter.
Active filters: design of filters with opamps, filters with current conveyors, transimpedance amps and OTA amps.
Non-linear circuits: diode limiters and function generators, logarithmic and exponential converters, analog divider and multipliers, operational rectifiers, peak detectors.
Circuits with electronic switches: analog multiplexers and demultiplexers, programmable amplifiers, electronic choppers, samplers and followers with memory.
D/A and A/D converters: fundamental principle of D/A conversion, D/A converter parameters, bipolar and CMOS D/A converters. A/D conversion, A/D converter parameters, fundamental principles of A/D converters.
Comparators: inner comparator structure, comparator properties, comparator with hysteresis.
Generators: LC oscillators, crystal oscillators, function generators, multivibrators, multivibrators with 555 timer.
Rectifiers, basic arrangement of stabilizers, control elements of stbilizers, electronic fuses, integrated stabilizers.

Fundamentals seminar

13 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Basic connection of amplifiers with bipolar and unipolar transistors
Difference amplifier, design of basic opamp connection, wideband amplifier
Properties of inverting and non-inverting amplifier, summing /subtracting connection of operational amplifier
Design of filters with operational amplifiers or conveyors
Design of non-linear circuits with operational amplifiers
Function generators and multivibrators
End-of-course test

Exercise in computer lab

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Modelling the operation of basic building blocks of analog circuits with bipolar and unipolar transistors
Modelling the properties of wideband amplifier
Model of operational amplifier, testing the properties of basic connections of operational amplifier
Passive frequency filters
Computer analysis of filters with operational amplifiers
Computer analysis of filters with current conveyors and transimpedance amplifiers
End-of-ccourse evaluation of results

Laboratory exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Individual design, construction, debugging and measurement of a circuit with transistors
Individual design, construction, debugging and measurement of frequency filters with operational amplifiers
Individual design, construction, debugging and measurement of a diode function generator
End-of-course evaluation of the assignments realized