Course detail

Structure and Properties of Materials

FEKT-MPA-SVMAcad. year: 2021/2022

Amorphous and crystalic state of materials. Microstructure and macrostructure of electrotechnical materials. Crystallography characterization. Complex permittivity; Inorganic dielectric, glass for electrotechnics. Electrotechnical ceramics. Plastics for electrotechnics. Ferroelectrics. Piezoelektrics. Electrets. Compounds materials. Semiconductor materials. Hall effect. Thermo-electric effect. Peltier effect. Magnetic condition of materials. Soft-magnetic and hard-magnetic materials.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

At the end of the course, the student will be able to:
- classify electrical materials from the point of view of their properties and usage,
- explain nature of physical phenomena that take place in the structure of electrical materials,
- describe physical phenomena that take place in the electrical materials mathematically,
- describe mutual relation between composition and structure of materials and resulting properties and possibilities of controlling of these properties,
- project optimal kinds of materials for production of electrical, electronic and microelectronic devices, as well as for applications in related technical and scientific fields.


Knowledge of electrical materials on the level of the bachelor's course Materials and technical documentation.


Not applicable.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods include lectures, numerical exercises and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of virtual laboratories freely available on server.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

up to 40 points during the semester (15 points from laboratory seminars and 25 points from written test)
up to 60 points from written final exam
Final exam is focused on verification of knowledge and orientation in the field of electrical materials.

Course curriculum

1. Amorphous and crystalline state of materials. Microstructure and macrostructure of electrotechnical materials. Crystallography characterization. Crystal-lattice defect
2. Complex permittivity. Temperature influence and frequency of electric field on components complex permittivity
3. Inorganic dielectric materials, using in electrotechnics
4. Glass for electrotechnics, classification and sorts of glasses
5. Electrotechnical ceramics, production technology
6. Plastics for electrotechnics. Thermoplastic. Reactoplastic. Plastics with increased thermal immunity. Elastomers
7. Ferroelectrics, piezoelectrics, electrets and composite materials
8. Semiconductor materials. (temperature influence, concentration of adulterants and electric field on properties).
9. Hall effect. Thermo-electric effect, Peltier effect
10. Magnetic condition of materials. Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, fero- and ferri-magnetism. Soft-magnetic and hard-magnetic materials. Using in electrotechnics

Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the mutual relation of composition and structure of materials on their properties and approaches to regulation of materials properties. The knowledge of these relation enables to design optimal sorts of materials for electrical, electronic and microelectronic manufacturing and applications in related technical and scientific branches.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Obligatory participation in teaching.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Nelson, S.: Dielectric Properties of Agricultural Materials and their Applications, Elsevier Books 2015, ISBN: 0128023058 (EN)
Reis, M.: Fundamentals of Magnetism, Elsevier Books 2013, ISBN: 0124055451 (EN)

Recommended reading

Askeland, D., R.: The Science and Engineering of Materials, Boston, 1994, ISBN 0-534-93423-4 (EN)
Hippel, A.: Dielectric materials and Applications, Artech House Boston, 1995, ISBN 0890068054 (EN)

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPA-MEL Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional
  • Programme MPAD-MEL Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory-optional

Type of course unit



39 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Fundamentals seminar

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

14 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer