Energy Sources and Transformation
FSI-LZPAcad. year: 2020/2021
Learning outcomes of the course unit The subject of source and energy conversion is to acquaint students with primary and secondary energy sources, with methods of their transformation and consumption. Content of lectures: Overview of non-renewable and renewable energy sources, introduction to world reserves of fossil fuels, their properties and utilization. Primary energy sources for the Czech Republic. Consumption of energy resources. Theoretical principles of energy conversion into final consumption. Thermal cycles. Utilization of nuclear energy. Biomass, its use. Solar energy, systems design, wind power and small water power stations. The energy plants operated in the Czech Republic and their main components are presented. Electro-energetics of the Czech Republic is presented, including the flexibility of individual types of sources including the indication of environmental impacts. Current trends in the energy sector are continuously commented within the course.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student will get acquainted with world power generation and trends of its developmentthe . They will be able to apply their own qualified opinion, consider the pros and cons of the different energy transformations, and to choose the appropriate variant as a solution to different tasks regarding power generation.
Knowledge of physics and thermodynamics at I/TU level
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Janotková:Termomechanika,skripta VUT 1995
Kazelle,Cenek: Obnovitelné zdroje energie,FCC Public 2002
Kaminský:Netradiční zdroje energie,skripta TU-VŠB Ostrava:2000
Kolektiv:Obnovitelné zdroje energie,ČEZ a.s.2003
Gilbert,Large:Konec Evropské éry,MF-2003
KC Agrawal, Industrial Power Engineering Handbook, ISBN: 0-7506-73...
Dixon,S.L.:Fluid dynamics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery. Pergamon Press, London 2005
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures. Participation in the exercise is mandatory.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Credit requirements: active participation in the exercises. Examination consists of written and oral parts. The oral part tests basic knowledge of the thermo mechanics, which is considered as a minimum.
Language of instruction
The aim of the course is to familiarise students with the energy sources used in the world economy, as well as with various problems related to the present and future consumption. It is highlighted that the energy sources are limited and their transformation has a negative effect on the environment. Thus the use has to be as rational as possible. The students are urged to realise that the ecological and economic aspects between the energy sources and their consumption are interconnected.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Participation in the exercises is systematically controlled.
Type of course unit
39 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1 Primary and secondary energy sources, forms, types and transformations.
2 Solid fuels and oil, types and properties, stocks, trade. Coal gasification.
3 Natural gas, reserves and utilization. Economics of PES utilization.
4 Consumption of PES in the world and in the Czech Republic, power engineering.
5 Thermal cycles and their analysis. Steam circulation, efficiency, realization.
6 Gas cycles, analysis and realization.
7 Heating industry.Cogeneration with internal combustion engine. Nuclear energy.
8 Biomass, energy potential, combustion, gasification, fermentation.
9 Theory and practice of solar energy. Photovoltaic cells.
10 Solar collectors, design, efficiency, hydrogen management,
11 Wind energy, fundamentals of the theory of wind engines. Practical use.
12 Use of hydropower, hydroelectric potential in the Czech Republic.
13 Combined multi-source systems
13 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1 Balance calculations of the gas transportation
2 Economic evaluation of the electric energy production
3 Analysis of raising the efficiency in a steam cycle
4 Analysis of raising the efficiency in a gas cycle
5 Balance calculations of biomass usage
6 Calculations of the main parameters of a solar system
7 Preliminary design of a small hydro power station
eLearning: opened course