Course detail

Physics in Electrical Engineering

FEKT-HFYZAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course presents physical foundations of electrical engineering, i.e. both electronic and power engineering. Students receive an overview of fundamentals of mechanics of a mass point and a rigid body, electromagnetic field theory, oscillations, waves and optics. The last lecture deals with the introduction into quantum mechanics so that the students get acquainted with the existence of quantum phenomena and the basic tools for their description.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students understand basic physical concepts, laws, and processes. They are able to solve simple problems concerning these laws and processes, and can realize simple physical experiments.


The secondary school knowledge and pre-intermediate knowledge of English are required.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

HALLIDAY, D., RESNICK, R., WALKER, J.: Fundamentals of Physics, Sixth Edition. Wiley International Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2001
Halliday D., Resnick R., Walker J.: Fyzika Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Vutium, Brno, 2014, Překlad 8. orig. vydání (CS)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Teaching methods include lectures, seminars and practical laboratories. The course uses the support of an e-e-learning system, which is, however, used as a repository only. Students are required to write a homework (a single assignment) during the course. The evaluation includes the following components: 10 points - homework, 20 points - laboratories, 10 points - short test, 60 points - exam.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

A short test, evaluation of protocols submitted in laboratories and a written final exam.

Language of instruction

Czech, English

Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

Contents and methods of physics, SI system of units. Basic concepts: mass and fields. Mathematical tools: Vector algebra and elements of differential and integral calculus. Mechanics of the mass point. Newton's laws, momentum, work, kinetic and potential energy. Introduction into the mechanics of a rigid body. Electric charge and electric field, Gauss' law of electrostatics. Electric potential and capacitance. Electric current and resistance. Ohm's law. Magnetic field due to an electric current. Action of magnetic fields on electric charges and on current-carrying conductors. Electromagnetic induction. Maxwell's equations. Oscillations. Harmonic oscillatory motion. Mathematical and physical pendulum. Damped oscillator. Resonance. Waves. Classification. Traveling mechanical waves. Energy and power in waves. Acoustic waves. Doppler's effect. Electromagnetic waves. Optics. Reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves. Polarization. . Interference and diffraction. Introduction to modern physics. Applications.


The main objectives are: to provide the students with clear and logical presentation of the basic concepts and principles of physics, in particular those used in electrical engineering, and to strengthen an understanding of these concepts and principles through a broad range of interesting applications.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The extent of the evaluated education and the way in which the evaluation itself will be carried out are specified by a public regulation issued by the lecturer responsible for the course and updated for every academic year.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme AJEI-H Bachelor's

    branch H-AEI , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, compulsory

  • Programme IT-BC-3 Bachelor's

    branch BIT , 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, elective

  • Programme BIT Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 5 credits, elective

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Fundamentals seminar

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

13 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer