Course detail

Technology of Optical Production

FSI-TOVAcad. year: 2019/2020

The course TECHNOLOGY OF OPTICAL PRODUCTION gives a comprehensive summary of optical production, its specific features concerning finishing of glass and crystallic materials inclusive of the general principles for putting free optics into sleeves, tubes and other mechanical holders. The course is divided into parts according to natural sequence of production, properties and control of optical glass, brushing and polishing substances, optical machines and instruments, production of spherical and aspherical surfaces, specific features of production of precise planar and prism optics, serial production of spectacles lenses, workshop control of optical surfaces and output control of finished optical elements and systems including vacuum evaporation of reflective and anti-reflective coatings. Lessons will be supplemented with a detailed educational audiovisual programme regarding contemporary optical production, or by an all-day excursion to the company MEOPTA-Optika, Přerov, a member of TCI group.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The students may test their knowledge in seminars where they work with various elements of spherical, planar and prism free optics and get practice with representative optical tools, abrasive and polishing powders. In the end they will test their manual workmanship by the piece-work production of a rectangular or circular matt screen.


Methods of mechanical drawing, fundamental methods of machining, specific design methods of fine mechanics, basic principles of geometrical optics.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

HORNE, D.F.: Optical Production Technology. Adam Hilger, London, 1972.
ŠULC, V.: Technologie přístrojové techniky I. ES ČVUT Praha, 1990.
VÁCLAVÍK, P.: Technická optika II. ES ČVUT Praha, 1991.
KAMARÁD, J. a kol.: Vybrané stati z přesné mechaniky, SNTL Praha, 1955.
Katalog fy Schott: Optisches Glas
HARNA, Z.: Přesná mechanika. 1. vyd. Brno: VUT FS, 1996.
U.S. precision lens: The handbook of plastic optics. Second edition, Cincinnati, 1983.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Teaching is suplemented by practical laboratory work.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit will be awarded only if the student attends special seminars oriented to masterpies of matt screens and delivers two work drawings of spherical and prism free optical elements. It is expected a propsal how to manufacture these optical elements in small-scale and also a delivery of total optical diagram for production of glass spectacle lens. The final mark of this exam will be done as a mean from design documentation part and oral part in the form of colloquy.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The aim of the one-semester course TECHNOLOGY OF OPTICAL PRODUCTION is to acquaint the students with the differences of optical production with respect to edge working of metals in machine production. They will learn how to specify technical parameters in production of optical elements, and will be made familiar with work processing, fundamental optical machines and instruments, controlling measurement methods and instruments in workshop and in laboratory practice.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at seminars is obligatory. Absence may be compensated for by the agreement with the teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2A-P Master's

    branch M-FIN , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory-optional
    branch M-PMO , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-VAS , 2. year of study, summer semester, 4 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



13 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


Methods of drawing, specifying of dimensions and tolerancing of optical elements
Drawing of planar, spherical and prism optical elements. Mounting of optical components.
Fundamental materials for optical production
Substance of grinding and polishing of optical materials
Abrasive and polishing materials
Optical machines and instruments
Serial production of spherical and aspherical optical surfaces
Production of spectacle lenses
Production of precise flat and prism optics
Audiovisual programme of contemporary optical production
Workshop and output control of optical surfaces
Control of geometry and optical aberrations of finished elements
Production of reflective and anti-reflective coatings

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Workshop drawings of spherical optical elements
Workshop drawings of precise planar and prism optics
Calculation and proposition of spherical spectacle lens
Calculation and proposition of bifocal spectacle lens
Machines and instruments for treatment of glass. Abrasive and polishing materials
Diamond instruments for cutting, grinding and boring of glass
Cutting, clipping and grinding of glass by binding grinder
Treatment of glass by free grinder
Work processes
Production of matt screens (cutting, cementing, squaring, matting, facing)
Production of matt screens (cutting, cementing, squaring, matting, facing)
Production of matt screens - finishing
Production of matt screens - finishing