FSI-OLEAcad. year: 2019/2020
The Aircraft Engines course provides a comprehensive overview of the principles of operations, work cycles, and the design of aviation propulsion units. In the course the students will get a knowledge about the work of piston, turbine and ramjet aircraft engines. Construction layout and auxiliary systems are discussed in detail to ensure their operation. Students are acquainted with the technological and physical constraints of various types of propulsion units and the current technologies used in their construction. Part of the course is also a more detailed analysis of environmental and certification requirements for aircraft engines and directions for their future development. The course also focuses on the maintenance of modern propulsion units based on the modularity of their design.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course of Aircraft Propulsion gives basic knowledge of principles, design, materials, operating characteristics and maintenance of modern aircraft engines. Students will be able to assess engines according their function, and economical operation.
Basic definitions, laws and equations of physics, thermodynamics and fluid mechanics. Ideal and real gas, force, energy, work, heat, enthalpy, entropy, gas state equation, changes of gas states, continuity and Bernoulli's equations, basics of heat transfer.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Kocáb J.-Adamec J.: Letadlové motory,KANT s.r.o.,Praha 2000 (CS)
Ott, A.: Pohon letadel, , 0
WARD, Thomas A. Aerospace propulsion systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons, c2010, xxvi, 527 s. ISBN 978-0-470-82497-9.
Cumpsty N.: Jet propulsion,Cambridge University Press,1997
CUMPSTY, Nicholas. Jet propulsion: A simple guide tio the aerodynamic and thermodynamic design and performance of jet engines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 276 s. ISBN 0-521-59674-2
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
Attendance at seminars and completing all tasks is necessary for the course-unit credit award.
accreditation. Write and oral examination consists of three parts: 1. Simple computational problem 2. Piston engine theoretical question 3. Jet engine theoretical question. All three parts have the same weight in the resulting evaluation.
Language of instruction
The objective of the course is to inform students of current state and development of aircraft propulsion and to provide them with the knowledge necessary for selecting the proper engine, its economical/ecological operation and maintenance.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Attendance at seminars is compulsory. In the case of a justified absence, students are required to work out an alternative individual assignment. Continuous checking is done at seminars.
Type of course unit
26 hours, optionally
Teacher / Lecturer
1.Classification and basic parameters of aircraft engines. Principles of piston engines
2.Working cycles of piston engines. Performance, combustion, unstable combustion
3.Basic parts and structural arrangement
4.Piston engine accessories and systems
5.Power increasing, engine characteristics, maintenance
6.Gas turbine engines, principles of operation. Air intake system
7.Classification of compressors. Centrifugal flow compressors
8.Axial flow compressors, characteristics and unstable run
9.Combustion chambers. Gas turbine - principles of operation
10.Gas turbines. Exhaust systems
11.Jet engines, turbofan engines, special jet engines
12.Turbopropeller and tuboshaft engines
13.Principles of ram-jet engines, pulse-jet engines and rocket engines
At least 60% attendance at the lectures is required. The form of the check is the attendance list. The examination of the subject is written and oral. In the written part the student solves the given example and elaborates two theoretical questions. In the oral part there will be discussions on the solved questions, examining the student's overall view.
13 hours, compulsory
Teacher / Lecturer
1.Basic parameters of piston engine.
2.Basic parameters of piston engine.
3.Kinematics of crank mechanism.
4.Kinematics of crank mechanism.
5.Liquid cooling system.
6.Parameters of centrifugal flow compressor.
7.Parameters of centrifugal flow compressor.
8.Loads on centrifugal compressor impeller.
9.Loads on centrifugal compressor impeller.
10.Loading of turbine blade.
11.Loading of turbine blade.
During the exercises, students are awarded to solving examples. The successful completion of all given examples is a prerequisite for granting the credit.
12.Jet engine cycle.
13.Jet engine cycle.