Course detail

Power Plant Electrical Equipment

FEKT-MPA-ELEAcad. year: 2020/2021

The course deals with basic electrical equipment for power generation in conventional power plants and heating plants. Emphasis is put on the operating characteristics of synchronous machines that determine the way of power control in the electricity grid. Students learn the generator protections function and extend their knowledge of electrical machines through the measurement on the generator model in laboratory. Further section deals with an electrical power output of the generator and the devices for own power plant consumption.

Offered to foreign students

The home faculty only

Learning outcomes of the course unit

The graduates are able to: - explain methods of increase the efficiency of conventional steam power plants, - describe the two basic types of synchronous alternator construction, - explain the principles of their function, - define the operating conditions of synchronous alternator, - describe the behavior of synchronous generator during the short circuit , - describe the basic electrical alternator protection, - discuss the advantages and disadvantages of different ways of connecting the alternator to the network, - list the basic devices of power plant consumption, - describe the method of designing of source for power plant consumption supplying.


Students should know the principles of primary energy conversion into electrical energy used in conventional power plants, able to describe and explain the Rankin-Clausius thermal cycle and principle of synchronous machines function. General knowledge is required at the level of bachelor's degree, but it is advisable to have completed courses Electrical Power Generation and Electrical Machines.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Kiameh, P. Power Plant Electrical Equipment and Systems Handbook. 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2013. ISBN 9780071799850. (EN)
Elliot, T.C., Chen, K., Swanekamp, R.C. Standard Handbook of Power Plant Engineering. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. ISBN 0-07-019435-1 (EN)
Mastný, P. a kol. Fundamentals of Energy Processes and Electricity Generation. FEEC BUT 2015, eTextbook. (EN)
Blackburn, J. L., Domin, T. J. Protective Relaying: Principles and Applications. 4th Edition. CRC Press 2014. ISBN 978-1439888117. (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system. Students have to write two projects/assignments during the course.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Students can obtain up to 50 points of the overall evaluation of the course during the semester - 15 points for projects up to 15 points for the processing of laboratory protocols and 20 points in the final test. A student has to obtain at least half of the maximum points in all mentioned activities. The final exam is oral (max. 50 points). It focuses on the orientation in the topics as are defined in course syllabus. The condition for the successful passing this exam is to get at least half of the maximum points.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1. Increasing of thermal power stations heat circuit efficiency 2. Synchronous machine construction, basic parameters, fundamental principles, tests 3. Synchronous alternator under constant operation conditions - phasor diagram, equivalent circuit, voltage equations 4. Synchronous alternator operation at infinite bus, load angle characteristics 5. P-Q diagram for synchronous alternator, synchronization 6. Excitation systems and voltage control of synchronous alternator 7. Load angle characteristics of synchronous generator with voltage control 8. Primary power and frequency control, generator unit under islanding operation condition. 9. Synchronous alternator transients - tree phase short circuit, abnormal operations 10. Electrical protections for generators 11. Generator power outputs, arrangement of power station scheme 12. Power station internal consumption, dimension of internal consumption sources, its design and checking 13. Drives in stations auxiliaries - using and choice of electric motors, characteristics of powered devices


The course aims to complement and extend knowledge about the production of electricity in power plants and heating plants. It focuses primarily on their electrical part - the operating conditions of synchronous alternators and methods for their protection, design and control of own consumption supply.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Labs are compulsory; correctly excused absence can be replaced by arrangement with the teacher.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme MPA-EEN Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory
  • Programme MPA-EAK Master's, 1. year of study, winter semester, 6 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Fundamentals seminar

12 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

18 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


9 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


eLearning: opened course