Course detail

Hardware of Computer Networks

FEKT-BHWSAcad. year: 2018/2019

In the introductory part of this course, the principles of routing in packet networks are discussed. The key properties of the distance vector and link-state routing protocols are analyzed. Subsequently, the mechanisms ensuring the Quality-of-Service in data networks and possible implementations of these mechanisms in active network elements designed for wired and wireless data communication are discussed. Based on the hierarchical network division, the switching nodes operating on individual layers are described in more detail. The properties of switching nodes using time division multiplex and space channel division are given. The issue of inner blocking, output port competition, queue blocking, multicast transfer, and cell selection algorithms are discussed.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

After completing the course, students will have the necessary knowledge and be able to describe the principles and inner architecture of active elements used in communication networks, to describe the control mechanisms and protocols, and be familiar with the basic setup and use of current network elements.


Successful completion of the courses Data communication and Network Architecture is expected.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

MOLNÁR, K. Hardware počítačových sítí, Skriptum VUT, 2012, ISBN 978-80-214-4449-2, 157 stran
CHAO H. J. Broadband Packet Switching Technologies: A Practical Guide to ATM Switches and IP Routers, Wiley-Interscience, 2001.
MEDHI D. , RAMASAMY K. Network routing: algorithms, protocols, and architectures, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, 2007
KOTON, J. Aktivní prvky datových sítí pro integrovanou výuku VUT a VŠB- TUO. Brno: Vysoké učení technické v Brně, 2014. s. 1-94. ISBN: 978-80-214-5066- 0.
KOTON, J. Hardware of Computer Networks for Joint Teaching Programme of BUT and VSB- TUO. Brno: Vysoké učení technické v Brně, 2014. s. 1-158. ISBN: 978-80-214-5068- 4.

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

Techning methods include lectures, computer laboratories and practical laboratories. Course is taking advantage of e-learning (Moodle) system.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

For work during the course, it is possible to get up to 100 points. Elaborating 10 protocols and passing one test, up to 30 points can be gained during the laboratory exercises. The course is finished by taking a written exam, for which up to 70 points can be obtained.

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.

Course curriculum

1) Basics of addressing, introduction to routing
2) Routing protocols: RIP, OSPF
3) Inner architecture of routers
4) ATM technology – basic principles, ATM cell, service classes
5) Switching nodes - basic principles
6) Switching nodes - classification, basic types
7) Switching nodes – buffers
8) Switching nodes - frame selection algorithms
9) Switching nodes - detailed description of the most common architectures
10) Wireless local area networks - basic principles
11) Wireless local area networks - communication process
12) Wireless Personal Area Networks - WPAN and Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks – WMAN


The aim of the course is to make students familiar with components, inner principles of active elements and key communication protocols of wired and wireless networks.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

Attendance at laboratory exercises is compulsory, justified absence in a laboratory exercise can be made up during the credit week after prior arrangement with the instructor.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme IBEP-T Bachelor's

    branch T-IBP , 2. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EEKR-B Bachelor's

    branch B-TLI , 3. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme IBEP-T Bachelor's

    branch T-IBP , 3. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

  • Programme EEKR-CZV lifelong learning

    branch ET-CZV , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, optional specialized

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer

Laboratory exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer