Course detail

Soft Computing

FSI-VSCAcad. year: 2017/2018

The course introduces basic approaches to Soft Computing and classical methods used in the field. Practical use of the methods is demonstrated on solving simple engineering problems.

Learning outcomes of the course unit

Understanding of basic methods of Soft Computing and ability of their implementation.


The knowledge of basic relations of the optimization, statistics, graphs theory and programming.


Not applicable.

Recommended optional programme components

Not applicable.

Recommended or required reading

Sima,J., Neruda,R.: Theoretical questions of neural networks, MATFYZPRESS, 1996, ISBN 80-85863-18-9 (CS)
Munakata, T.: Fundamentals of the New Artificial Intelligence, Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1998. ISBN 0-387-98302-3 (EN)

Planned learning activities and teaching methods

The course is taught through lectures explaining the basic principles and theory of the discipline. Exercises are focused on practical topics presented in lectures.

Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes

Course-unit credit requirements: submitting a functional software project which uses implementation of selected AI method. Project is specified in the first seminar. Systematic checks and consultations are performed during the semester. Each student has to get through one test and complete all given tasks. Student can obtain 100 marks, 40 marks during seminars (20 for project and 20 for test; he needs at least 20), 60 marks during exam (he needs at least 30).

Language of instruction


Work placements

Not applicable.


The course objective is to make students familiar with basic resources of Soft Computing, potential and adequacy of their use in engineering problems solving.

Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences

The attendance at lectures is recommended, at seminars it is obligatory. Education runs according to week schedules. The form of compensation of missed seminars is fully in the competence of a tutor.

Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme M2I-P Master's

    branch M-AIŘ , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory
    branch M-AIŘ , 1. year of study, summer semester, 5 credits, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Introduction, Soft Computing concept explanation in Artificial Intelligence.
2. Architectures and classification of neural networks. Perceptron, ADALINE.
3. Feed-forward neural networks, single- and multilayer perceptron. Learning: error back-propagation as iterative minimisation of the mean quadratic error.
4. Cluster analysis, dimensionality reduction, Principal component analysis.
5. RBF and RCE neural networks. Topologic organized neural network (competetive learning, Kohonen maps).
6. Neural networks as associative memories (Hopfield networks, BAM), behaviour, state diagram, attractors, learning.
7. LVQ neural networks, ART neural networks
8. Fuzzy sets, fuzzy logic and fuzzy numbers, Fuzzy inference. ANFIS
9. Evolutionary algorithms (genetic algorithms, evolutionary strategy, grammatical evolution, genetic programming).
10. Selected metaheuristics for optimization (HC12, Simulated anealing).
11. Swarm intelligence (PSO, ACO, DE, SOMA)
12. Deterministic chaos.
13. Hybrid approaches and aplications (neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms sets).

Computer-assisted exercise

26 hours, compulsory

Teacher / Lecturer


Seminars related to the lectures in the previous week.