Radioecology, Nuclear Chemistry and Technology
FCH-MA_ENG5Ak. rok: 2021/2022
This course presents to students the question of radionuclide occurrence and behaviour in the environment, the natural and artificial sources of radionuclides and their influence on the human organism, and finally with the methods of radionuclide monitoring in the environment. Also, it includes fundamental definitions, the subject of nuclear chemistry, basic properties of radionuclides and ionizing radiation, radioactivity, nuclear transformations, nuclear reactions, ionizing radiation and radionuclides in environment. The use of radionuclides and ionizing radiation, technology of nuclear chemistry and waste treatment technologies.
Výsledky učení předmětu
Completion of the course will increase students' knowledge as follows:
1. Students will acquire basic knowledge, principles and definitions related to the issue of radioactive material in the environment.
2. Students will be well versed in the issues of the effects of ionizing radiation on the environment.
3. Students will be able to objectively evaluate current issues, such as the relationship between nuclear energy and radioactive waste to the environment.
basics of general and physical chemistry or physics
Doporučená nebo povinná literatura
M. Eisenbud: Environmental Radioactivity, 3rd edition. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, 1987. (EN)
R. L. Kathren: Radioactivity in the Environment. Harwood Academic Publishers, London, 1984. (EN)
J. Hála, J. D. Navratil: Radioactivity, Ionizing Radiation, and Nuclear Energy. Konvoj, Brno, 2003 (EN)
Plánované vzdělávací činnosti a výukové metody
Lectures 2h/week, seminars 3 h/week
Způsob a kritéria hodnocení
The examination is oral, the knowledge in the extent of lectures is evaluated.
1. Basics of Nuclear Chemistry – history, elementary particles, atomic nucleus.
2. Radioactivity, nuclear transformations and reactions.
3. Ionizing radiation and radionuclides in the environment.
4. Technology and application of nuclear chemistry.
5. Biological effects of ionizing radiation.
6. Monitoring of ionizing radiation in the environment.
7. Technology of nuclear fuel cycle I – uranium mining.
8. Technology of nuclear fuel cycle II – nuclear power plants.
9. Technology of nuclear fuel cycle III – spent nuclear fuel treatment.
10. Technology of nuclear fuel cycle IV – decommissioning.
11. Radioactive Waste Management I – Technology and treatment of low level radioactive waste.
12. Radioactive Waste Management II – Technology and treatment of high level radioactive waste.
13. Radioactive Waste Management III – Storage and disposal of radioactive waste.
The students will acquire basic knowledge, principles and definitions related to radioactivity and ionizing radiation. With this, they will be familiar with technology and applications of nuclear chemistry. They will understand the occurrence and effect of ionizing radiation in the environment from both natural and industrial sources. Students will be well versed in the issue of all parts of nuclear fuel cycle and radioactive waste management. After completing the course, students should be able to objectively evaluate current issues of radioecology and relationship between nuclear technology and the environment.
Zařazení předmětu ve studijních plánech
- Program NPAP_ENVI magisterský navazující, 1. ročník, letní semestr, 6 kreditů, povinný